Sermon, Sunday 14 May 2023,Acts 17: 22-31 and John 14: 15-21, Double Baptism – The Reverend Glen Ruffle

“To the unknown god” – perhaps it should be ‘to the unknown song’ given Britain’s latest Eurovision disaster! But it was “to the unknown god” that the words inscribed on an altar in Athens 2000 years ago appealed, and they are the words St Paul leapt upon. The unknown God: this is the God I preach to you!

Paul said: God is not unknown! God has revealed his character to us: God saved his people from slavery in Egypt. He made them into a mighty nation. He makes promises with us – and keeps them. His love extends to every person on earth. He will bring judgement and fairness to the earth.

It’s judgement and Love. Many people find those two idea hard to sit together – if you love me, you won’t be angry at me. Instead, you will give me what I want and make me happy.

But in the gospel today, Jesus said “If you love me, you will obey my commandments”. If you love someone, you will listen to them, and trust them. If you trust them, you will obey them.

Parents are given to us to help us and lead us. Parents have to balance love and judgement all the time. If parents don’t use discipline, their children grow up without structure, become selfish and ruin the lives of other people. If parents don’t use love, their children feel unwanted, insecure and lost.

So we listen to our parents and we obey them, because we know that they want to help us, that they have our best interests in their hearts. The same with God: his desire is that we become loving and compassionate and follow his lead. Look at the world today: it is a mess. This is what happens when we follow our plans. But if we stop, and say to God “we will follow your plan”, then we begin a new abundant life.

So love and obedience are very much linked! If we love our parents, we obey them. If we love God, we obey him. They want “what is best for us”, and this means character formation, making you more like Jesus. You might think a shiny Lamborghini is best for you, but without the right character, it really is not!

Baptism is a moment when we stop our lives and say “we recognise that when we do our thing, it is not so good. We want to follow God’s way, God’s path. So we want to start again”.

So the water is like washing ourselves: we wash the old dirt and old me away. And then we are clean and fresh, ready to start again: symbolic of a new life, a new decision to trust God, to follow God, and to love and obey God.

But we also become part of a bigger family. Baptism is like the entrance into the Christian family. Everyone here, if they are Christian, become like extended family.

So this message is to everyone here: it is also your responsibility to love and care for these children. So make sure you love, protect and nurture them and their families as much as you can!

It is our responsibility to teach and train these young lives in how to live a life pleasing to God. So let us make sure that when they see us, they see us doing the right things!

It is our responsibility to support and pray for these children and their families. So make sure you do that and offer your support and kindness, and hold them in prayer.

So let us now bring these children before God as we pray for them and their families at the start of this journey.

Sermon, Luke 22:24-30: servanthood and coronations, 7 May 2023 – Reverend Glen Ruffle

Well, I received a phone call at 8.30pm yesterday asking me if I was free to help out, so apologies if this is a little ill-thought out!

There is a bumper sticker somewhere along the lines of “He who dies with the most toys, wins.”

The aim of the game of life is to acquire as many toys – a cars, partners, clothes, jewellery, money – as one can. The winner is the person who dies with the most.

On this account, Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos or Bill Gates could be the greatest. But then again, Pharaoh Khufu’s pyramid is still standing as a memorial to his power and might 4500 years after Khufu passed away, and it’s still drawing tourists to it. That’s a high mark to beat! They say if humans disappeared overnight, one of the few structures to survive the onslaught of nature would be that pyramid!

Or perhaps the answer of who is greatest is closer to home: King Charles III is said to have private wealth of some £600 million – though John of Gaunt, who lived 700 years ago and is a distant ancestor of King Charles, in modern money had a net worth of around £100 billion.

Who is the greatest? Khufu? John of Gaunt? Charles? Elon?

If you don’t have that much money, maybe you are more like the disciples of Jesus, squabbling over who they thought should be considered the greatest among them. When you don’t have money, you often use another currency to show how good you are – maybe the disciples were arguing over how many hours they spent praying, or who could preach the longest (maybe I could win that…!).

And Jesus replied “you have not understood. It’s not about being great. I have come not to be served, but to serve”.

Yesterday at the coronation of King Charles III, we saw a spectacular show of power. King Charles has the power and authority to declare war. Our brave servicemen and women are loyal to the sovereign (thankfully not the government!). And yesterday we saw the massed ranks of some of the forces that Charles can call upon. It was a display to the world that you don’t mess with Britain; you don’t mess with the King.

And in this world, where dictators invade other countries, and steal billions from their own people; where other dictators threaten nearby countries and global war; in this world, you need to be wise as serpents. Until the Kingdom of God is fully here, peace is secured for us because burly men are prepared to do violence on our behalf to keep us safe should the need arise.

The Christian church works to bring peace into this world. It is the mission of each and every one of us, if we call ourselves Christian, to try and bring peace to this world. But until the world submits to the lordship of Jesus, peace will not happen. That is why the gospel message is REPENT, turn from your ways, and follow Jesus. Obey Jesus. Only by doing that will the world find a new way of living.

And that is the great juxtaposition we saw yesterday. In the midst of the glory, pomp and power, where the world’s leaders and representatives had gathered to honour King Charles III, we had the monarch, the sovereign, the source from whom authority comes in this realm, submitting all of it to the authority of God. All the power of the world, handed over to Jesus.

The King was presented with the Bible, and told:

“to keep … ever mindful of the law and the Gospel of God as the Rule for the whole life and government of Christian Princes.”

Charles was given the Bible. He was offered it. God’s Word, offered to him, as it is offered to us:

“receive this Book, the most valuable thing that this world affords. Here is Wisdom; This is the royal Law; These are the lively Oracles of God.”

The Bible, which tells us to flee worldly wealth; to serve one another, to especially think of the poor and suffering; is not going to help anyone increase their earthly glory. It instructs us that in this life humility is the path God leads us on.

The monarch, having been pointed at the Bible, then answers this question:

“Will you…cause Law and Justice, in Mercy, to be executed in all your judgements?”

Yet if you use your power to cause Law, Justice and Mercy to be executed, you will deprive yourself of many opportunities for self-enrichment!

The monarch was then given a sword with the words “receive this kingly sword…a sign…of justice; not of might, but of mercy. …With (it)…do justice, stop the growth of iniquity, protect…help and defend widows and orphans…”

In the midst of the ancient Abbey, surrounded by the most powerful people on earth, Charles III was told to only fight to protect the weak, widows, and orphans.

The coronation thus shows us a new way of being King. Yes, there are palaces, grandeur, homage and lots of money. This is the ‘world’ part – it is needed as part of this corrupt and fallen world. Dictators will only pay attention to myriads of soldiers marching.

But King Charles III, at the heart of the ceremony, as the disciples were, was commissioned for a servant role by Jesus. Yes, he has power. But it is not for him. It is for the widow, orphan and victim. The coronation is a Godly contract: you, Charles, are given power and authority. But in return, you must fight all your life for the cause and welfare of those who have so little.

You, too, if you are a Christian, have been given a commission. As Charles embodies the nation, we too were in that coronation. We too are commissioned to use our power, influence, money for the benefit of the orphan, widow and victim of injustice. We are commissioned to serve.

I believe King Charles III has shown and modelled to us in his past campaigning to reduce emissions, in his construction of a town that is beautiful and well-designed, in his advocacy for sustainable farming, that he has been somewhat of a maligned prophet. That is what happens in this world. When you stand for the principles of God, you become a target for those in opposition.

We will face persecution for doing right, but we have been commissioned to go forth for our King’s King. We have been given the gospel message, calling people to repent, to stop their selfish ways and to follow the humble way of Jesus, speaking for the poor and lonely.

He that is greatest, let him be as the servant.

Let us pray for ourselves and for King Charles as we embrace this call to serve.



Sermon, 30 April 2023 With Notes: Take Heed – Living in the Light of Christ’s Return – Tessa Lang

St Mark 13:5 And Jesus answering them began to say, “Take heed lest
any man deceive you…:10 And the gospel must first be published
among all nations … :13 And ye shall be hated of all men for my name’s
sake: but he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.”

Welcome to a theological portmanteau on the last day of April, when we
celebrate our patronal festival, the feast of St Mark the Evangelist. It is
also the 4th of 6 Sundays of Eastertide, inviting us to bask in the wonder
and welcome relief of the resurrection, and this year only – to anticipate
the imminent 6th May Coronation of King Charles III. Given such a
dazzling array, there is no time to waste.

How action-packed, how like St. Mark, who writes in active voice,
largely in present perfect tense, and employs the Greek word for
‘immediately’ at least 40 times in 16 fast-paced chapters, the shortest
of all the gospels. The work is also now acknowledged as the first and
earliest account of Jesus’ life, ministry, passion, and resurrection.
Though a seed-bed for St. Matthew (26 chapters) and St. Luke (24
chapters), Mark’s gospel is in high contrast to St. John (21 chapters)
where a highly structured theology informs the report of “the disciple
that Jesus loved.” Mark’s episodic narrative strings together a selection
of miracles, signs, and parables with over a third of the book focused
on his last week of life on earth. Its chronology is vague (lots of “ands”
“afters” “in those days”); its original ending may leave the reader on a
cliff edge, longing for more.

There is something about Mark that conjures art-based comparisons –
last year a Broadway musical involving a scheme to build morale and
resistance to temptation and this year, perhaps a film that depicts a
behind-the-scenes look at someone and something the film-maker
loves very much, and wants his audience to understand, as well – Mark
as the mature Spielberg or Sam Mendes perhaps.

He enters apostolic history as John Mark, appearing in the Bible as the
son of Mary Mark, a wealthy Hebrew widow of a Roman citizen (Coptic
records name him as Aristopolus Marcus) late of Cyrene in North Africa.
We meet this cosmopolitan and devout lady in a dramatic incident in
Acts 12, when Peter turns up at her front door in Jerusalem following an
angel-enabled escape from Herod’s prison; inside, many believers were
gathered to pray. The servant who answers the door leaves the fugitive
outside whilst she relays his arrival! Fortunately, Peter gains safe entry
in good time.

From this report, we understand that Mark’s mother made her evidently
large and staffed house available as a church and refuge; this puts Mark
squarely within apostolic and earliest Christian circles, most likely
involving contact with Jesus and developing a student/disciple/paternal
relationship with Peter. His home is the probable location for the Last
Supper and a teenage Mark most likely the man with a water jug who
escorts Jesus’ two trusted apostles to the Upper Room to begin
Passover preparations. Later that momentous night, he appears as an
unnamed young man who fled naked from the scene of Jesus’ arrest
when his robe was lost in the scuffle.

As you would expect, more than one image of our patronal saint is
available at St Marks, and each reflects a different aspect of his work
and character. Taken together, they instruct us in his life and theology
in a typically Marcan fashion – vivid, compelling, committed to his
stated mission to convey “the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God”
in emphatic style.

These accessible works of art do more than bring us into the presence
of our patronal saint; they form a gateway to other symbolic realms
present in our worship for today. You will find this expressed in the
words of special prayers compiled from a rich seam of previous Orders
of Service for the Coronation by Rev. Joanna to bless replica regalia
crafted by the children of St Mark’s. As symbols of service, advocacy,
and power, they represent the crown jewels bestowed upon the new
sovereign once he has taken the oath to uphold the law and the people,
been anointed with holy oil, and consecrated king. The form and
meaning of this treasure dates to Edgar, crowned the first Anglo-Saxon
king of Britain in 959, and also acknowledged by the Welsh and
Scottish kings. Sadly, the original items did not survive the upheaval of
the 17th century English Revolution, save for the anointing spoon. The
rest of today’s regalia dates from the Restoration of the monarchy.

Read or listen carefully to the prayers to appreciate their significance:
the Orb is set under the cross to remind the anointed king that he and
all the world are subject to God’s kingdom through Jesus Christ; the
Sceptre represents kingly power to be used with justice and mercy for
the welfare of all; the crown signifies royal majesty through God’s grace.
As Canon Charles Gore once observed, Anglican theology is best
revealed in its spoken prayer, which aspires to order and connect this
earthly kingdom to a higher realm. Enthroned between the two is the
sovereign, sworn guardian of the nations and its laws, a defender of
faith, and a reflection of God’s plan and peace to the extent of his or her
princely virtues. That is the structural position of kingship, the pattern
for beginnings and endings throughout history, a point of intersection
between time and divinity. Inhabiting the role is a very particular
individual, who can only be alive in the shared present moment that
daily challenges those of faith, of any faith, and those of none.

Let us too start with the present familiar. Behold, the figure of Mary
Mark appears on the high altar reredos with her son depicted as a
young boy who carries one of his attributes like a schoolbook, a fitting
tribute to the Christian education Mark received from his mother. The
volume represents his future Gospel, often lettered with the Pax Tibi
(Peace be with you Mark my Evangelist in full translation.) This angelic
greeting of his relics upon safe arrival from Alexandria to Venice in the
11th century demonstrates that the Evangelist was on the move in the
name of Christ, even after death.

In the centre of the stained glass rose acting as a glorious giant halo for
the ascended Christ high atop the reredos is the head of the Lion of St
Mark; his customary wings are not visible, but his green colour is
striking and perhaps invokes the hue of a Venetian lagoon. It may also
image Mark’s apocalyptic perspective of radical evil received at Peter’s
knee, as stated in 1st Peter: “Be sober, be vigilant; because your
adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he
may devour”. It is a cosmic battlefield out there, and Mark is all about
preparing and strengthening Christian troops. Visually, if Mark is
depicted with red robes, holding a red-bound book and sometimes with
red hair, then green must represent the opposite force. To Mark’s
passion and mission, evil matches its demonstrable ability to renew
itself in human behaviour and events; it is evergreen in a fallen world.

John Hayward’s design above the All-Saints chapel visualises Mark
being taught by Peter, whose curiously enlarged mouth speaks to
Mark’s disproportionate ear. Peter’s disciple takes the message to
defend the faith and the faithful to heart, and it becomes central in his
ministry and gospel. Scholars and historians from the 1st century to
contemporary theologians acknowledge Mark’s Gospel is an accurate
record of Peter’s teaching, pulsing with the lifeblood of direct testimony,
a collection of episodes in an “oral tradition” serving the needs of the
church of the day. Its pre-eminent position superseding Matthew was
not generally agreed until well into the 19th century; now 20th century
theologians such as Professor Morna Hooker assert a considered
theological backbone hides in plain sight: Jesus does not just
announce the coming of the Kingdom, he brings it as irrevocably as an
old wineskin will burst if new wine is added. The new covenant with the
living triune God is a total gamechanger, available immediately!

On the eve of St Mark’s liturgical feast day, we were treated to a live
performance of his gospel, set in Rome shortly after the trauma of
Peter’s crucifixion, under ongoing threat of violent persecution. It is
devised as a two-hander, with an anxious and grieving Mark dictating to
a Roman scribe-for-hire just doing his job until words of Jesus Christ
begin to sink in, working a transformation to conversion. Time is of the
essence. Fledgling Christians drawn from non-Jewish communities
were beset by false prophets and deceivers from within and statesponsored
oppression from without. Their continued existence
demanded a gospel to show them how to live in truth and light until
Jesus returns to usher in kingdom come. As the evangelist sifts
through his memories, the selection process favours forthright accounts
of Jesus in action, showing not telling how the Son of God delivers
redemption and new life with authority and supernatural mastery as
incarnation of the triune God.

He intentionally avoids extensive reference to Old Testament tradition
with its legalistic approach; it is for the other gospel writers to see to
that, although Mark personally had full access to Jesus in his aspect of
Hebrew Christ or Messiah as son of a Jewish mother and one of the
first battalion of 72 apostles post-crucifixion, accompanied by his older
cousin and evangelism-mentor Barnabas. He served St. Peter as
disciple, scribe, and gospel writer, and later, was also of service to St
Paul although it took many years to recover Paul’s confidence after
Mark went AWOL, returning to the comfort zone of his Jerusalem base.
Mark knew first-hand about the pain of failure and the value of second
chances and family support when “enduring until the end”.

That is some pedigree. What sort life did Mark make of it?

Let’s apply Marcan method and view for ourselves in another John
Hayward window, found above the St Mark’s Altar on the south wall of
our church. It is crowned with a golden image of St Mark’s lion, wings
present and folded, a lion gone over fully to the light! Beneath him are
two sections, like tablets, starting on the left with the distinctive
architecture of his North African birthplace and childhood in Jerusalem,
faint outlines of a presiding maternal figure and a running boy who has
lost his clothes. Instruction during youth with St. Peter takes centre
stage (note the way Hayward identifies Mark with red hair, boy and
man, and ultimately, with red wounds). Later, he ministers to the apostle
when he stayed in Mamartine Prison awaiting gruesome crucifixion.
This vignette also puts us in mind of Mark’s subsequent work for St
Paul, incarcerated for the second and final time in the same grim prison
prior to execution during the persecutions of Nero. (A Roman citizen,
Paul would not have been crucified.) The right-hand section depicts the
winding path of evangelism, followed by a sacred ministry as leader in
the early church and first bishop of Alexandria, ending in a gruesome
martyr’s death after two days of public torture.

Perhaps on subsequent Patronal Feasts, I can paint St Mark’s gospel’s
theological portrait … from its blockbuster first 13 verses of prologue
that take us from Jesus’ sudden eruption into history by the Jordan to
temptation in the wilderness…its 22 miracles and signs, 10 parables of
which 3 are unique…the ministry and passion in Jerusalem…abiding
themes and structure. For now, I will fast forward to its end, chapter 16:
1 – 8, where the original manuscript ends in the empty tomb.

The stone has been rolled away by the time the women arrive, the body
has vanished and, in its place, sits an angel who confirms that Jesus of
Nazareth has indeed risen. In the penultimate verse he says: “But go
your way, tell his disciples and Peter that he goeth before you into
Galilee: there shall ye see him, as he said unto you.”

Direct, brief, just the facts, ma’m. You’re good to go. Then the final
verse tolls, the human reaction to the horror, grief and awe experienced
over barely 3 days when only the women remained on the scene as
witness and to minister as best they could. They could not yet do
anything for they were afraid. Here is the very essence of human
suffering: to possess good news and dazzling prospects yet struggle to
connect with them. For the experience of connection marks both the
point of departure and the finish line. Mark dramatises this principle; it
shapes the coronation ceremony and T S Eliot expresses it this way:

Little Gidding, Part V. from T S Eliot’s “The Four Quartets”

We are born with the dead:
See, they return, and bring us with them.
The moment of the rose and the moment of the yew-tree
Are of equal duration. A people without history
Is not redeemed from time, for history is a pattern
Of timeless moments. So, while the light fails
On a winter’s afternoon, in a secluded chapel
History is now and England.

With the drawing of this Love and the voice of this

We shall not cease from exploration
And the end of all our exploring
Will be to arrive where we started
And know the place for the first time.

In a few days’ time, the machinery and memory of church and state
meets at that point, the core of our most profound heritage, where we
find one who is neither English nor British but a Palestinian infant from a
young migrant family displaced by political oppression; in adult life, he
was condemned as a convicted criminal and put to death — Jesus of

Today, and on Coronation Day, we can celebrate our fellowship in the
Church of England. We claim what we can love about this heritage. Let
us rejoice, always confessing our sins. Let us abide with the king of all
who calls us to love one another as he loves us and be fruitful to the
glory of God. Long may our beginnings and endings connect us through
his grace.

Alleluia. Amen. And God Save the King.

Sermon, Easter III, (Coronation Series II) Sunday 24 April 2023 – the Vicar

We are continuing a study of the Coronation rite. Last week we covered the early part of the service.

This week we shall explore three things:

  1. The reality that this rite takes place within a Eucharist, which connects nicely with today’s Gospel passage about the Road to Emmaus.
  2. Secondly we shall look at the readings.
  3. After that, at the very heart of the rite – the anointing takes place, and I want to unpack that and the crowning.

What does our Eucharistic prayer pray?

It is very meet right and our bounden duty that we should at all times and in all places give thanks.

What does Jesus do when he meets his confused disciples on that first Easter day at evening on the road to Emmaus? He takes bread, blesses it, breaks it and gives it. The fourfold act of thanksgiving is seen here in the instant before Jesus vanishes. The Eucharist, this action for all times and in all places, is the crowning celebration of our Christian life. It is how we know Jesus, and how he comes to make his home in us. It is not surprising that a Christian action of supreme significance should be situated with the Eucharist. I have been making something of a study of the Coronation rite and it developed from the early 8th c, with more ancient precedent still, and what its compilers were reaching for was ordination. A special sort of ordination, but an ordination nevertheless. And just as deacons, priests and Bishops were consecrated within Eucharistic celebrations it was perfectly natural that Kings should be too.

We are sure that the King’s personal preference for the use of the 1662 Prayer Book will mean that it has the same cadences as the rite we use here.

There are two readings which follow. Normally they are read by the two Bishops who carry in the chalice and patten during the procession of the regalia at the start. Incidentally they are both made of solid gold, and along with most of the rest of the regalia were all made from scratch in 1661, after Oliver Cromwell broke up, melted down or sold off the contents of the Jewel House in 1649. We’ll discover more about the regalia next week.

The readings are rather unusual. The first reading has been read at every coronation from the Coronation of Edward III, I Peter 2: 13-19. The tone of this reading, alongside Matthew’s account of Jesus’s injunction to “Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God’s”, reads strangely today. Hearing this apparent double-whammy of requirement to submit to temporal rule might seem coercive in the modern age.

First, we might need to underline that these two New Testament texts issue from a time fraught with primitive Christian suffering and persecution. Peter and Matthew were victims themselves of the savage treatment of leading Christians in the first century. These readings are more subtle than a quiescent acceptance of the validity of secular authority, come what may.

They seem to share an underlying grasp that Jesus’s call to Render to Caesar, has more than a dose of irony implied in it. There have been scholars who have proposed that Jesus was linked, through the surnames of two of the Twelve, with first century anti-Roman insurgency. Judas Iscariot may have been one of the notorious sicarii – first century brigands, known for their indiscriminate knife attacks. Simon the Zealot was almost certainly connected with another brand of active freedom-fighting. How far we can suggest Jesus was directly associated with either terrorist cell, when his message of peace and non-violence characterised his ministry (and note particularly Jesus’s arrest), is hard to say, but there was ferment on every front at the time of Our Lord’s ministry.

We know that a Roman denarius in the first century bore the Latin inscription Tiberius Caesar Divi Augusti Filius Augustus Pontifex Maximus (Tiberius Caesar, august son of the divine Augustus, high priest).

In Matthew’s account, Jesus is goaded by the Herodians to declare either for the freedom movement generally, or the loathed status quo of cooperation with the Romans. In answer, Jesus does not declare as particularly cooperative with Rome. Matthew may have been more interested in Jesus’s adroitness in avoiding being trapped by his hostile questioners. The Gospel writers’ aim is to underline most firmly that Jesus’s challenge is to concentrate properly on the things of God, rather than anything of Caesar’s.

You might be pleased to hear as the clock is about to ring 11 am, that at the Coronation there has not been a sermon since 1902! In the ancient manuals there is a rubric – a short sermon is preached. These are long services, and there is not much getting away from that.

Where the sermon might have been, we move into the ritualised parts of the proceedings.

Just as at this point in the 8th c. AD a Bishop would then be clothed specially and ordained, so issues to do with vesture, anointing and investiture come to the fore.

So, the king will then divest himself of his rich crimson outer robes.

We are witnessing a death.

Just as in baptism the candidate wears white – the symbol of purity and new life, so the king’s outer garments will reveal probably a loose linen shirt openable at the top. A canopy will be brought forward, possibly one held by children, there has been talk there may be pupils from Christ’s Hospital in their paupers’ uniform of yellow stockings and long blue frockcoats. Whichever way, the anointing is shielded from view. One person I interviewed for the podcast I have done suggested that in the televisual age not to film something was as bold a statement as it might be possible to make.

I have made comments perhaps already about the anointing oil, but given the intensity of events in Jerusalem it bears repeating.

The Mt of Olives in Jerusalem sits opposite the Temple Mount, the place of the Dome of the Rock. Jesus rose to heaven from there, according to most of the NT accounts. Looking from the central part of the Jerusalem Temple to the rising sun at morning, the Mt of Olives is utterly in shade with the sun behind it. It is a magical site. The prophet Ezekiel sees the glory of God leaving the Temple and its first place of rest is over the Mt of Olives. The later prophet Zechariah sees further cataclysms, and the Mt of Olives cut in half and a place of rescue for the faithful that pass through it. The southerly slope of the ridge is covered in Jewish graves, the most sought after place to be buried, because of the beliefs associated with the end of the age. The ridge itself is quite simply breath-takingly beautiful. Part of Jerusalem’s pain is its exquisite majesty.

Ten measures of beauty gave God to the world, nine to Jerusalem and one to the remainder. Ten measures of sorrow gave God to the world, nine to Jerusalem and one to the remainder.

The oil to be used in 2023 was from olives harvested on the Mount of Olives in East Jerusalem, which is part of the Garden of Gethsemane. The link with Our Lord’s Passion is of singular character. In the same tranquil garden are buried in the Russian Monastery of St Mary Magdalene, two Orthodox religious. St Elizabeth of Russia, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, and sister of the last Tsarina of Russia, and Elizabeth’s niece and goddaughter, Princess Alice of Battenburg and Greece, our King’s grandmother. Both women were brave and remarkable and are remembered for their courage and their reward is to rest in a place of the greatest sanctity. The French kings have a tradition that when Clovis was converted in 496, Oil from Heaven was passed down to be used in perpetuity. It was preserved in the Sainte Ampoule. Much later on a tradition arose that the BVM gave oil to Thomas Becket, while in exile in Sens. This oil was kept in an ampulla, where it got forgotten. Richard II discovered it and used it as a talisman in battle. It was then used for four coronations. Thereafter at different intervals the Oil has been prepared and mixed. There are differing recipes. All of them include balsam a rich aromatic fragrance, which was famously expensive – the balm in Gilead.

This Oil, which, as you know, we use following baptism, symbolises the descent of the Holy Spirit to each of us. It is a personal Pentecost and it effects a change. It is sacramental. This is why the coronation is such an unusual rite. There were many reasons for the reformers to do away with it in the 16th c, and the Papacy was pretty keen it should cease to be used in the 13th. The German Protestant Georges only kept it in use because of Handel’s remarkable music to accompany it. They had none of that sort of nonsense in Hanover.

The blessing by the Patriarch of Jerusalem, the direct successor to the James the brother of the Lord, and a Bishop of the faith of the King’s grandmother and her aunt and of his course his own father, was a profoundly new departure ecumenically.

Patriarch Theophilus’s willingness to undertake this, with his Palestinian colleague Archbishop Hosam, in the city David made his capital and in which Solomon built the Temple, the site of which is now a most holy Muslim site, causes this aromatic oil to hold within it the beauty and pain of that aching place of so many of our hopes and aspirations. Pray for the peace of Jerusalem the Psalmist says and the choir will sing as part of Parry’s I was glad. Praying for peace, when such a prayer seems impossible is what Christian hope has at its heart.

The King’s crowning, which follows soon after the anointing, is the outward and visible sign of the inward and invisible truth of this personal Pentecost. The crown, while a sign of Kingship, holds within it symbolism of priesthood from the Old Testament as well, and the Crown of Thorns with which Our Lord was crowned.

Come back next week for the next thrilling instalment.






Sermon, Easter II, (Coronation Series I) Low Sunday 16 April 2023 – the Vicar

“Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you.” I Peter 1: 3.

This promise encapsulates rather beautifully the hope of Easter.

St Peter continues:

Now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations: That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ.

On the one hand the suffering in imitation of Christ of the Christian martyrs – who have been purged like gold in the fire, is brought to mind in this reading, and in today’s Gospel, with the various greetings of Peace by the risen Christ, we are called to think about the gift of Peace.

The references to both gold and peace are springboards to discussion of the Coronation.

I thought over the next four Sundays, the three before and the one after the Coronation, we might look at the Coronation Rite. It is quite long, in some ways quite dense, but very special.

The service has 17 episodes, and within each one we find various processions, gestures and actions.

I hope it will be helpful to go through each to make Christian sense of what could be a right Royal pageant, but in fact is something far richer and more mysterious. I use that word with care because the Greek word mysterion is translated as sacrament, and for several hundred years from about 1000 AD there was those that viewed the Coronation rite as the 8th sacrament.

Just very briefly, this will be the shape of the four studies we shall do:

  1. The first part of the service which includes the Introit, Recognition, Oath and gift of the Bible. I will also look at the architectural context of the service, in the Abbey, and the design of the building.
  2. The beginning of the Eucharist proper, and the readings used. We will also begin to look at issues of anointing and coronation and the vesture worn.
  3. The Sunday before the service is our Patronal festival and our preacher will make reference to St Mark our Patron, and explore issues of Kingship and the regalia in terms in which we find them in his Gospel. We will use extended prayers of blessing, which were commended in 1953 and which tell of the symbolism of the regalia – this reminds us that material things speak of spiritual realities.
  4. The day after the Coronation, as we celebrate this rite, there will be an overview of what has taken place and what it might mean for our generation.

Henry III redesigned the Abbey, which sat more or less on the foundations of the Edward the Confessor’s church, which was finished in 1065. By then the Confessor had been canonised, and his royal tomb was rebuilt as an ornate shrine of a saint. The High Altar of the Abbey, the Tomb which sat behind it, the pavement before it and even Henry III’s tomb, were covered in 1268 in the most ornate and beautiful Cosmatesque mosaic.

The intricacy of the work and the quality and variety of the stones and materials used, all combine to suggest the connection between Westminster Abbey, Rome (the Abbey Church’s dedication to St Peter is part of this), and the place of Coronation, before the Shrine of St Edward. The central roundel of the swirling design is central point of the cosmos – here it is the King is anointed and crowned. Allusions to the Temple in Jerusalem compound intensify the symbolism further, and are designed to leave the faithful speechless before this work of wonder.

In the Abbey, the sovereign takes his place successively on three chairs in order. Their chair of estate, their place for the beginning of the rite. The Coronation Chair, which while grand is not really a throne, its origins are that of a bench, where now the anointing and crowning take place. This sits right in the middle of the pavement – where in the design heaven and earth meet. The final chair is the actual throne which sits between the transepts in what has always been called “The Theatre”. Theatre – less in the sense of drama and more a place to be seen, where actions happen. Henry III designed the abbey to have tiered seating, and the throne itself to be as high as 13 feet, so the lower tiers and the throne itself were almost at the same level. There is something of heaven and earth meeting once again at the enthronisation, about which I will say more on another occasion.

So much for the context of the Coronation rite.

What about the first three key episodes.

Just before the King arrives the choir will sing the Litany, which we sing here on the first Sundays of Advent and Lent. This long prayer of is a reminiscent of early Christian invocatory prayers. The one we use by Tallis is the composition of a life-long Catholic whose career in the Chapel Royal spanned the reigns of Henry VIII to Elizabeth I. It is hard to avoid hyperbole in relation to Tallis but he was a musical great, alongside whom the younger William Byrd would also excel. To some extent they are grandparents of the English choral tradition. They effect the transition of choral singing from its Latin pre-Reformation origins to the modern age. Arguably the Cathedral tradition of music making was one of the keenest brakes on whole-sale Reform in England, and thank God for that.

This is a nice segway into what comes next, the actual Introit, words from Psalm 122 I was glad when they said unto me. The words have been used as the Introit from 973 AD. They are the words of any pilgrim travelling up to Jerusalem. Parry set them to music in 1902 for Edward VII and they have been used ever after. The service begins with a crescendo, which seems hard to beat, and within that are the shouts of the scholars of Westminster School Vivat Rex Carolus. A blend of old and new, singing and shouting, praise and acclamation.

It is followed by an echo from Saxon precedent. The King stands forward of the altar on the Gospel candle side, as the Archbishop and the Great Officers of State go to the four corners of the compass in the Coronation Theatre to acclaim “Your undoubted King.” The onlookers reply “God save the King!” Saxon dynasties which had no primogeniture, this was the Accession Council, here that precedent is remembered. The King is reminded that his rule is of the people. The English tradition has always been wary of notions of divine right.

This is then underlined as the King takes his place in his Chair of Estate to have administered (once again by the Archbishop) the oath.

There are those who compare coronations to weddings, there is certainly a ring to be worn in due course, but like any solemn undertaking, and this is really more parallel to an ordination, the candidate must make that undertaking.

Sir, is your Majesty willing to take the Oath?

I am willing.

The Archbishop shall minister these questions; and The King, having a book in his hands, shall answer each question severally as follows:

Archbishop. Will you solemnly promise and swear to govern the Peoples of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and of your Possessions and the other Territories to any of them belonging or pertaining, according to their respective laws and customs?

King. I solemnly promise so to do.

Archbishop. Will you to your power cause Law and Justice, in Mercy, to be executed in all your judgements?

King. I will.

Archbishop. Will you to the utmost of your power maintain the Laws of God and the true profession of the Gospel? Will you to the utmost of your power maintain in the United Kingdom the Protestant Reformed Religion established by law? Will you maintain and preserve inviolably the settlement of the Church of England, and the doctrine, worship, discipline, and government thereof, as by law established in England? And will you preserve unto the Bishops and Clergy of England, and to the Churches there committed to their charge, all such rights and privileges, as by law do or shall appertain to them or any of them?

King. All this I promise to do.

Then the King arising out of his Chair, supported as before, the Sword of State being carried before him, shall go to the Altar, and make his solemn Oath in the sight of all the people to observe the premisses: laying his right hand upon the Holy Gospel in the great Bible (which was before carried in the procession and is now brought from the Altar by the Arch-bishop, and tendered to him as he kneels upon the steps), and saying these words:

The things which I have here before promised, I will perform and keep. So help me God.

Then the King shall kiss the Book and sign the Oath.

Politically, the wording of the Coronation Oath dates from the Coronation Oath Act of 1688, following the so-called Glorious Revolution at the end of the reign of James II.

The Coronation Oath was supplemented by the Accession Oath under the 1689 Bill of Rights Act, whose tone underlined the principles of the new regime. The 1689 Bill of Rights Act required the sovereign, to begin with at the Coronation and then later on accession, to swear that:

[I] do solemnly and sincerely in the presence of God, profess, testify, and declare, that I do believe that in the Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper there is not any Transubstantiation of the elements of bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ at or after the consecration thereof by any person whatsoever…..

In 1910 this Oath was amended. King George V, and his father before him, felt very strongly that such incendiary anti-Catholic rhetoric risked utterly alienating their Roman Catholic subjects, at a time of heightened unrest in Ireland.

The amendment was considerably tempered and now reads:

I [here insert the name of the Sovereign] do solemnly and sincerely in the presence of God profess, testify, and declare that I am a faithful Protestant, and that I will, according to the true intent of the enactments which secure the Protestant succession to the Throne of my Realm, uphold and maintain the said enactments to the best of my powers according to law.

The Coronation Oath, therefore, has been a loaded text. Behind it is a history of vehement opposition to Kingship beholden to external power and Roman Catholic doctrine. This ecumenical age sees the coming together of peoples of faith, and a mutuality amongst Christians, in social action and witness, which the King’s role as Defensor Fidei stands for in a unique way.

Queen Elizabeth II said of the Church of England, in a speech in February 2012 at Lambeth Palace:

Its role is not to defend Anglicanism to the exclusion of other religions. Instead, the Church has a duty to protect the free practice of all faiths in this country. It certainly provides an identity and spiritual dimension for its own many adherents. But also, gently and assuredly, the Church of England has created an environment for other faith communities and indeed people of no faith to live freely. Woven into the fabric of this country, the Church has helped to build a better society – more and more in active co-operation for the common good with those of other faiths.

In 1953, there was then (shock-horror) an innovation at the Coronation.

For the first time, someone who was not a prelate of the Church of England got a solo-speaking part. The Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, got to hand the Bible to the Queen. Previously the Bible was presented after the Coronation and before the Coronation blessing. In 1953 it was decided, logically, it would be presented before the collect and readings.

There was a considerable discussion about this, and even a fair amount of hoity-toitiness. Archbishop Fisher began by saying the Moderator could hand the Bible, while remaining mute. Fisher perhaps afraid Celtic tones might spoil the uniformity of voice began obdurately to refuse the Moderator a speaking part, but he eventually stood down, and actually allowed the Moderator the simple and wonderful words, distilled from Bishop Compton’s rather longer original in 1689:

Here is Wisdom; (Rev 13: 8; Proverbs, constant search after Wisdom)
This is the royal Law; (James 2:8)
These are the lively Oracles of God. (I Peter 4: 11)

This innovation in 1953 was quite something then. It was clear it was only because of the monarch’s particular direct relationship with the Kirk, as we all saw at the Accession Council. There was firmness on the part of Fisher there was no warrant for other Church leaders either to be present or have any sort of role – it was not their service!

But the memory of that innovation has spelt a desire, openness and active interest in giving space not only to other Church leaders, but other faith communities and their clergy at this Coronation in 2023. So, something so distinctively Christian as the gift of our Scriptures has spelt the opportunity in a very different society now, for leaders of other faiths to be present at this Coronation.

The King’s particular interest in the related questions of Freedom of Religion, Interfaith Dialogue, and support for all people of faith, mean, it is clear he celebrates other faiths being represented, while not diluting his own very strong and deep faith. The day the date was announced, an invitation was issued to the Chief Rabbi to stay at Clarence House so he would be able to walk to the Abbey to be able to attend the Coronation.

Come back next week for the next thrilling instalment.

As we ponder the purging of the Church as gold is tested in the fire, spare prayers for the King and Queen in their self-offering. This is no easy task to which they are called and about which they have so little choice, other than to renounce, not easy either. Let us pray that we may know the gift of ultimate peace, shalom, the peace of the age and kingdom to come, which the risen Christ offers to those who follow him in faith.


Sermon, Maundy Thursday, 6th April 2023 – Ros Miskin

May I speak in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit

In our Order of Service here at St Mark’s we are invited to ‘draw near with faith’.  In faith to put aside our worldly concerns and focus on our relationship with God.

On this Maundy Thursday, when we reflect upon the Last Supper that Jesus shared with his disciples, we learn that they too are invited by Jesus to ‘draw near with faith’.  At that particular moment it meant to gather around Jesus to share his body and blood in the bread and wine. Here, nearness reaches its zenith.

This ultimate nearness is attacked by Satan who imitates God in terrible ways. The aim is to destroy Jesus, who has rejected his offer of power and possessions, and what better way to imitate than entering Judas so that Judas will betray Jesus. This nearness prompts Judas into betrayal but, unlike his disciples, Jesus knows what is going on and knows that it is ‘to fulfil the scripture’.  He knows that his death is coming but ‘the Son of Man has been glorified and God has been glorified in him’.

Satan, then, does not win the day. What prompts his demonic deeds?  Across the centuries scholars and theologians have given a varied response.  My preference is for the view of the 13th century scholastic theologian, Thomas Aquinas who held that Satan was once probably the very highest angel who, through pride, fell immediately after Creation, seducing people to follow him.  Can you imagine the agony of having been very close to God and then remote from him?  As they disobeyed God, pain and hardship were also the fate of Adam and Eve but we know that God, through his son Jesus, has reconciled this fall from grace which allows us to ‘draw near with faith’.  As the Book of Revelation expresses it: ‘the ancient serpent, who is called the Devil and Satan, has been conquered by the blood of the lamb’.  All is well then.  As St Paul  wrote in his letter to the Ephesians: ‘you who were afar have been brought near by the blood of Christ’.

If the disciples, and we ourselves, wish to stay near to God then it only requires one commandment to be kept.  As John’s Gospel gives it: ‘I give you a new commandment, that you love one another’.  An expression of this love is to welcome all peoples. Welcome unites us and helps us to help each other. This is a strong theme in the Jewish Passover at which there is always a space for the stranger.  Today marks the beginning of the Christian understanding of Passover, which reminds us of the Jewish idea of escape from slavery.  In the current debate on immigration rules, we need to keep this in mind.  Particularly now, on Maundy Thursday, which is also known as ‘the Day of the Reconciliation of the Penitents’ when sinners were welcomed back on this day.

So let us, on this Maundy Thursday, renew our commitment to God by drawing near in faith, being the welcoming presence, and demonstrating love for one another as God loves us.




Sermon, 19th February 2023 Quinquagesima & Transfiguration – Tessa Lang

From today’s reading of the Gospel of St Matthew, 17: v5
While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and
behold a voice out of the cloud which said,
This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.
And 2 Peter 1: v19
19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well
that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the
day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts.

May I speak in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost, Amen.
A year ago we met at the same mountain on the same day – the last
Sunday before Ash Wednesday. Now as then, we are buffeted by
extreme politics and conflict, by natural disasters and self-induced
climate change. Uncertainty and inequality shred our social contract and
too few birds sing. Now as then, we find community, meaning, and
pastry in this beautiful and beloved place. Surely there is no better time
to open our hearts to today’s gospel, an exquisite and sufficient
illumination of our Christian faith and heritage: past, present, future,

All three synoptic gospels – Matthew, Mark and Luke –report the event:
it is important that Christians know and remember this story. But what
about John? After all, he was one of the three eyewitnesses. Is he silent
about the Transfiguration?

On the contrary, I believe we can read the Prologue from St. John as a
glorious poem of transfiguration, from “in the beginning was the Word,
and the Word was with God, and the Word was fully God”; including “In
him was life, and the life was the light of mankind”; and conclusively,
“The Word was made flesh and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his
glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and
truth.” As such, John’s passage is no less a powerful testimony due to
its lyrical and figurative expression. His words speak to the eternal truth
at the heart of the story and shine as brightly as Matthew’s vivid report or
glowing icons that seek to recreate theological narrative as seen

Like the three apostles on the mountain and as featured in our spotlight
verse introducing this sermon, we learn truth and grow in faith through
our senses and within our hearts…when we listen to and heed their
message. We are wired by a loving God to long for and turn to the light
of salvation, and to hear the living God speak through his word.
Otherwise, we are incapable of improvement. Paradoxically, Jesus is
not the one who undergoes metamorphosis atop the Mount of
Transfiguration: he is ever and always fully God and fully human. It is
our eyes and ears and hearts that must be transfigured and opened to
behold him, both in his majesty and as the sacrificial lamb of our

That is the aim of the stunning and intricate icon on the cover of the
Order of Service, particularly as reproduced in full colour on this week’s
parish e-mail. Painted by a 14th century priest and poet, Theophanes,
the composition moves the eye through time, place, and
event…simultaneously inhabiting metaphysical and physical realms: it is
literally a sermon in paint.

An image of the Transfiguration also appears on the central panel of the
reredos, itself a degree programme in theology. Here Christ is joined by
Moses and Elijah in a supernatural gathering before three awe-struck
apostles. This image shines forth behind the high altar every day of the
year…except when concealed during Lent, now looming. It is good to
give it some attention before the beauty of our sanctuary is veiled for the
duration; perhaps it will be food for contemplation of our shared
experience of the transfiguration, available and active within us even
when removed from sight.

One year ago, St. Luke was our guide to the mountain top; this year St.
Matthew leads the way for our bi-annual Transfiguration retreat. Though
its official Feast Day is 6 August, closer to the historical real time the
biblical event takes place, the Transfiguration is twinned with the last
Sunday of Shrovetide – today – about 6 months earlier in the calendar
year, on the cusp of Lent, and some 50 days before Easter Day. Its
position on the liturgical calendar gives rise to the name –
Quinquagesima or literally ‘fifty days’ in that language so excellent for
sequence, Latin. It also ensures that each half of the calendar year
includes a day to bask in transfiguration glory, which radiates blessing
for all. Not least because it is day 1 of a 3-day final countdown of pre-
Lenten indulgences, should your larder be fortunate to hold stocks of
any foods or treats you now plan to restrict during 40 days of fasting and
penitence in preparation for Holy Week, Passion and Resurrection.
For those with maths brains calculating how to divide 40 fast days into a
50-day period culminating in the Paschal Feast, and for others with keen
appetites and high anxiety, rest assured that all goodies are welcomed
back on Sundays, as they have been on an occasional Thursday or
Saturday when different rules regarding pre-Paschal fasting have come
into and gone out of practice. These days, media outlets and best seller
lists are populated with the benefits of an extended period of intermittent
fasting or “going dry” on usual indulgences, from meat to merlot,
together with structured self-examination – which could be likened to
journaling or mindfulness or self-help. Lenten discipline is not an
attempt to drag you back to the Middle Ages, but to engage you with
healing and drawing closer to your true self by moving closer to the God
in whose image you were made.

As a prospective Lenten pilgrim, welcome to Quinquagesima Sunday
2023 when thoughts of pancakes, butter and cream; meat and cheese;
sugar and alcohol, may be permitted to dance in our heads, so long as
you have packed your metaphorical knapsack and renewed your faith in
the gospel roadmap for God’s plan.

Let’s start at the bottom of that high mountain. On second thought, let’s
start at the end of the previous chapter of Matthew, remembering that
time points to meaning from Genesis 1:1 to Revelations 22:21. In its
closing verses (not really a cheat as the division of text post-dates its
writing plus Mark includes it within his account), Peter “confesses” for
the first time that Jesus is “the Christ, the son of the living God.” In
reply, Jesus tells the apostles for the first time that he must die and be
raised again on the third day. This is a contravention of the one-anddone
Messiah favoured by first century Judaism as the God and king
who comes in triumph to restore the temporal power of the Hebrew

There are passages in the psalms and Zechariah that describe
crucifixion hundreds of years before Jesus appears, plus Isiah’s wellknown
depiction of Messiah as the Suffering Servant who bears the
disease and punishments for Israel’s sins. However, this aspect of
messianic function isn’t in the foreground; equally, a promise to rise
again elicits scant acknowledgment from Jesus’ disappointed disciples.
Rebuffing Peter’s indignant protest against a suffering and slain
Messiah, Jesus further promises “verily” that some of those present will
not die “till they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom”. Soon
enough, seeing will be believing, at least for some.

The very first line of the following verse picks up this timeline, setting the
Transfiguration “after 6 days” when Jesus calls Peter and the brothers
James and John to come with him up into a high mountain. Here are
echoes of the Genesis creation account, where on the 6th day, God
made man and woman in his own image. Yet the process was not
complete until the 7th day, when he “blessed and sanc

The rest of the disciples are left at the bottom of the mountain, and later
in the chapter you may read Jesus’ review of how well their time was
spent! Of course, he knew that all his disciples were truly stuck in 6th
day limbo, and it was time to breathe life into their faith, starting with his
top team. He would combine all that was familiar to them about the Law
and the Prophets, the Messiah and the Kingdom into one unforgettable
experience of his godhood within the triune godhead. It will embody and
illuminate the Cross, the Resurrection, and the glory of God’s Kingdom
as perfect and inevitable fulfilment of divine plan to redeem creation from
its fallen imperfection. No wonder it is a story told twice each year! We
could benefit from remembering it every day.

Location, like time, signifies meaning throughout the Bible, and high
mountains are where God interacts with his messengers on earth, the
prophets. Other signifiers include light and dark; natural phenomena
such as cloud and waters; physical manifestations such as voice, fire,
and wind; appearance of otherworldly beings or those from the past or
future –something from all categories appears in the Transfiguration
narrative and many feature in Theophanes’ icon.

Front and centre is the pure white light of Christ in full glory, a white that
outshines the glimmering gold of the highest heavens. Its beams create
a star-like structure of radiance connecting above to below with precise
geometry. His right hand is raised in blessing, two fingers aloft and
three together symbolising the trinity. A cloud tinted celestial blue
descends, approaching Christ like a wing-shaped embrace as symbol of
God the father’s presence; it also serves as protective shield for the
apostles. We can now visualise the mystical unity of divinity, with Jesus
Christ at its centre: as perfect sacrifice, great High Priest, and
indestructible Temple for the children of God below; as only Son to the
Father above; as the one who sends the Holy Spirit to comfort, protect,
and give life.

The lower slopes and the apostles themselves are shaded and earthtoned,
deeper on the left side to represent the past and ascent of the
mount, brighter on the right side to light their descent after witnessing
Jesus’ radiance before travelling into the future. Darkest are small cavelike
openings into the mountain, the larger ones to the side like tunnels
through the mountain, the smaller central ones foreshadowing the
passion in Gethsemane Garden and the empty tomb.

The men themselves do not reach the summit and appear overwhelmed
with exhaustion and awe, perhaps just waking from end-of- journey
sleep well below the level of their transfigured Lord’s feet. Standing to
the left is the prophet Elijah, taken into the heavens some 800 years
ago, and to the right, patriarch Moses, the lawgiver resting in a burial
place known only to God almighty these past 1500 years. Both are
instantly recognisable as they bow to the Lord, attended by angelic
beings on a small cloud floating above them, dim in comparison to the
shekinah of God’s presence. Neither eminence is a stranger to
mountain top summits with the Almighty, and Elijah is foretold to appear
just before the coming of the Messiah.

Though John averts his eyes and brother James covers his, Peter raises
head and hand in emphasis, for he has something to say! To him, the
scene looks like Jesus appearing in glory, attended by Elijah as foretold,
accompanied by Moses, occurring at the time of Sukkot when Israel
commemorates 40 years in the desert on the way to the Promised Land.
Why, this is a perfect opportunity for the Messiah to appear in majesty
during a high holiday without the need for suffering and death. “Tis
good, Lord, to be here”! Let us build 3 tabernacles, (tents or temporary
structures) one for each of you…effectively, let’s bring the Kingdom
home right here, right now.

He is interrupted before he can finish as the cloud overshadows them
and the voice of God speaks from its depths:
“This is my beloved son in whom I am well pleased: hear ye him.
The cloud vanishes, Jesus appears on his own in his familiar form, and
there is nothing to do but arise and go with him down the mountain,
across the plains, to the appointed time of Calvary. Further, to heed his
words to fear not and to say nothing about what you have seen and
heard until the resurrection. For the Son of God is the eternal
embodiment of prophecy AND the new Moses, sent to lead people
everywhere out of the slavery of sin, according to his Father’s plan.
For us today as it was over 2000 years ago for Peter, James and John,
spiritual rebirth is sorely needed. In the Transfiguration, Jesus takes us
to that place where we are again connected to the sight, voice, love, and
certain knowledge of the ever-loving triune God. After all, it is good for
us to be here. AMEN

Sermon, 26 February 2023, Lent I – Ros Miskin

Today is the first Sunday in Lent.  In my sermon today I am going to explore the meaning of Lent.

The first thought that comes into my head is that Lent is a time when we feel we should give something up that we like and in that period to resist the temptation to return to it.  Many a time and oft I have tried to give up eating chocolate but not very successfully.

This attempt to give up something we like appears to be superficial in comparison with what find in today’s Gospel reading.  Here, Jesus resists the offer made to him by the Devil to have ‘all the kingdoms of the world, and their splendor’ because he will not worship any other than God himself.  I would hesitate, though, to dismiss our attempts during Lent to give up something we like as superficial. It is, I believe, a mistake to be too grandiose about what we do in our ordinary lives and God is, I believe, the God of ordinariness. I say all this because such attempts can reflect what is going on at a deeper level and not everyone has the time to engage in profound thought and reflection about what they do, particularly in today’s non-stop 24/7 busy world.

In days gone by, when the pace of life was slower, this gave more opportunity for engagement in reflection on our deeper level of being.  So to explore the meaning of Lent at that deeper level we can look at the writings of those who in the past had that opportunity for profound thought and reflection.

One such was Thomas à Kempis, the German-Dutch canon and author who, in the fifteenth century, wrote his famous work ‘the Imitation of Christ’, Thomas wrote that good Lenten practice means to resist the attempts of the Devil to turn you away from ‘exercise of devotion, reverence for the saints, remembrance of your sins, vigilance over your own heart and your ‘resolve to make progress in goodness’.  A tall order, particularly for us in today’s world.  Yet when we worship today we do ask for God’s mercy and forgiveness and many people all over the world are striving for a better state of affairs for everyone.

What Thomas is asking us to avoid is being distracted by the Devil. What makes all this harder for us today is that we are constantly distracted by a bombardment of offers and rewards from companies and organizations. I am not quite sure whether they are kindly meant or purely commercial and I think it may be a mixture of both; some for our health and welfare, or to help us in the cost of living, or enjoyment, all with good intention, others simply to make money out of us.  If, though, we can shift away, not from enjoyment of what life has to offer us, but from excess then I believe we are on the path that Thomas would like us to be on in relationship to God.  It is one which by-passes the Devil’s path of restlessness and disturbing of the good state of our desires and allows space for prayer and Bible study.

If we can stand firm against the wiles of the Devil then we imitate Christ as he stood firm in the wilderness.  His was a mighty resistance as an offer of kingdoms and wealth after 40 days and nights in the wilderness must surely have been a massive temptation.  This ultimate resistance gives us a model for our attempts to shift away from temptation in Lent.

The deeper meaning of Lent is also found in the activity of the Holy Spirit.  In Matthew’s Gospel, Jesus is led by the Spirit into the wilderness. In Mark’s Gospel there is an urgency; Jesus is driven by the Spirit, immediately, into the wilderness.  What does this mean?  According to Reverend Harry Williams, priest and theologian, in his sermon given at Trinity College Cambridge in 1965, the Spirit is ’God in us’.  It is from that place that we can be, as Jesus was, thrown out into the wilderness as part of our call to God’s service.  This leaves us isolated but in that isolation we are losing shallow communion with God ‘and new powers of communion with our world are being built up within us’.  Isolation does not necessarily mean being alone in the desert as it can take many forms; it is, Harry writes, a sense of being alone, saddeningly alone or alone and frightened. Isolated from friends or family or from those who you feel have achieved success that you have not achieved.  For Jesus it was isolation in the actual wilderness but I would say that, in spite of loving parents and some acceptance and praise of others, he was isolated from cradle to grave because of his unique destiny. Yet the time spent by Jesus in the wilderness in isolation shows us what happens to ourselves.  We see in his life the meaning of our own.

In his resistance to the Devil in the wilderness, Jesus shows himself to be, as Jerome’s Biblical Commentary gives it ‘the perfect lover of God’.  We may not feel that we can reach that height of perfection but the author of Psalm 32 reminds us that if we confess to God then God forgives us as our protector and deliverer whose steadfast love surrounds us always.




Sermon, Septuagesima, 5 February 2023 – Reverend Glen Ruffle

Our gospel reading today comes from the Sermon on the Mount, a foundational text of teaching for what it means to live life as a Christian. The verses we heard today break into three sections: First, the importance of Salt and Light; Second, the Law and the Prophets; and Third, our expected level of righteousness.

I’m actually going to work through this back to front, so bear with me!

Exceed the Pharisees!

At the end of the reading, Jesus says “…unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom…” of God. This is the baseline for disciples. The scribes and pharisees were the ones criticising and opposing the first Christians. Jesus marks them out, and says “These are your targets. If you can be more loving, more generous, and better people than these, then you are going to enter the kingdom of God”.

Dare I say it, the bar is actually set quite low!

“Righteousness” is one of those church words that we all hear but don’t necessarily understand. In Matthew’s gospel, it basically means “doing things rightly”. If you can do the right things more than the pharisees, then you are doing well!

But what are the right things?

The Old Testament today

Moving up, we have a discussion on the Law and the Prophets. For us, this means the Old Testament. What exactly is the point of the Old Testament? Just an historic document? Just background information? Or is there a relevance? Very often we don’t read it, we skip over it – indeed today I chose the New Testament reading over the Old!

Bad me! Because in Matthew’s mind, and at the time Matthew was writing, the only Holy Scriptures anyone had, the only source of guidance, was the Old Testament!  He thus fully assumed that every single Christian would be studying the Old Testament in a group of people to understand it.

Sadly, this is very much not what we do today. But when I was in Moscow, I visited a synagogue once, and it amazed me to see Jewish men after the service sitting at tables opposite one another, reading the Old Testament and discussing it; challenging each other with questions; debating the meaning. And as they were doing that, they were entrenching it deeper into their minds and bodies, and discovering the living meaning of the Word of God.

Personally, I wish we would learn to do that in our culture! And I hope in a little way that the Tuesday Pre-Lent course is helping us do that – yes, that is a plug for the course on Tuesday at 6.30pm on Zoom!

The problem Jesus had with the Pharisees and Scribes seems to have centred around interpretation. Of course this issue is very much alive in today’s church as well – how do we interpret some of the Bible? The Pharisees had taken the law and made each and every rule sacrosanct, and added a whole load of extra teaching to make sure that you were always behaving in such a way that you could not possibly break the Law of Moses.

Jesus, on the other hand, seemed to read beyond the laws themselves into where they were pointing. Thus a law like Leviticus 19:32, which says “You shall rise before the aged, and defer to the old” to a pharisee would mean that when someone older than you came into the room, you literally stood up out of respect. To Jesus, it meant that, yes, you show respect, but mainly you help them sit down, make a space for them, offer them a drink or food, and listen attentively and with respect to what they say.

Indeed, later in the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus says “You have heard that it was said ‘you shall not commit adultery’…but I say to you that everyone who looks with lust has already committed adultery”.

Thus the difference is pharisees observing the laws, but Jesus and Christians following and fulfilling the deeper meaning. It is one of ritual obedience and tradition verses heart motivation.

And this requires intense study, lots of asking and questioning, lots of reflecting on how the law applies to us nowadays, and discerning of the general thrust of scripture. Does Deuteronomy 25:4 just ban muzzling oxen when they are treading grain, or does it actually point to us caring for animals? Of course the latter!

We see later in Jesus’ life that if it meant caring for someone, he would break laws lower down the list in order to keep those higher up – he bends sabbath laws, because he was doing so for the greater benefit of others. But the point remains: the Law of Moses, the Prophets, the Old Testament, all still stand, and should be studied and discussed with others. Those who teach it will be called great.

Being Salt and Light

Thus we arrive at the top – salt and light! You are salt! Don’t lose your flavour. You are light! Don’t hide under a hat. Being a shining light, or being salt, means doing the good works of a disciple. Remember this passage comes after the beatitudes, when Jesus says Blessed are the peacemakers, the humble, the merciful, those who want right things to be done.

These are the good things and good works of being a disciple. Those who make peace, who show mercy, and who want the justice of God enacted, those are the ones who are salt and light and who are blessed.

When I was at university and learning about Thatcherism, we had a lovely but very stereotypically left-wing professor, Dr Strange. I asked him once “If the communist revolution is inevitable, surely people should encourage hyper-capitalism, globalism, and all the rest? It will hasten inequalities and lead more quickly to the revolution?”

He said that yes, there were indeed a group of hard-line Marxists in the 1980s who said communists should actively support Thatcherism and neoliberalism, because this would indeed just make thing worse, and thus cause people to rise up and overthrow the government, bringing about the communist paradise.

But Jesus is calling us Christians not to political revolutions that may or may not improve society. His call is that we serve him, and do good in the times in which we live. And that means, the presence of our care and love, of our ‘salt’ and our ‘light’, will have the effect of stopping society becoming as bad as it could be.

If you removed Christians from the United States, healthcare would collapse. If you removed Christians from the UK’s history, we would still have slavery and very likely still be feudal. Most of our schools would disappear. We would unlikely have many hospitals. Indeed, life would be so much worse that it’s hard to imagine.

Our salt and light blesses society. Sometimes, society will recognise it. Sometimes society will not; but either way, we are called to serve Jesus, not society. The outworking of our worship and obedience to Jesus blesses those around us.

That’s a lot of information! So let us recap:

Our level of righteousness needs to exceed the rather low baseline of the pharisees, who were quite hypocritical.

We need to embrace the Old Testament and really take joy in studying it, but do so in a group, so we can draw out the deeper meanings and the general thrust of teaching. We need to look for the heart motivation and avoid the ritual obedience.

And that helps us be Salt and Light. When we know which direction the scriptures of God are pointing us, then we can be salt and light in our society. And the influence of us doing the right things in our daily lives is actually having a huge impact on our wider society.

So let us ask ourselves – is there enough light coming from our lives? If someone put me under a basket, would anyone notice?

Are we makers of peace?  Do you show mercy to people in difficulty? Can I say I live my life in a humble and respectful way?

Or am I a pharisee…? I must exceed them to enter God’s kingdom…and it is so easy to become one of them. So let us stay vigilant, and ensure we are being salt and light.


Sermon, Candlemas, Thursday 2 February – Luke 2:22-40 – Reverend Glen Ruffle

I’m sure you are all just itching to be a vicar. I can see it in your eyes… well, when you finally get round to taking that step, I have some good news. Presuming you get selected, you then get offered a plethora of theological training institutions across the land where you can study.

Yes – you will get paid to learn and get a degree! Admittedly it’s not a lot of money, but it really is a wonderful thing that you get an allowance to learn about God and the bible!

And the most amazing doors can open – I was able to attend Cambridge University through the church! I was in my 20s before I even learned what Cambridge and Oxford were, and then it was far too late to go back and change anything in my life. I never imagined I would be able to go and study there – and yet I was given that amazing privilege!

And so you can be reassured that most vicars have at least a degree-level education behind them – and many more continue to study throughout their lives. Indeed, many also get PhDs.

And so you might wonder…if the church is full of such bright people, how on earth is it in such a mess…? 😊

This is nothing new. The Jerusalem temple was the elite of the elite in ancient Israel. The priests who ministered in the courts of God were top of the pile, the creme-de-la-creme, the best of the best. The SAS of the priesthood world! And yet, when two Israelites came along to offer a sacrifice, as required in the Law of Moses, for the gift of their child, the temple authorities totally missed it.

Because when Mary and Joseph offered their sacrifice, as required in the law for the firstborn son, the temple had the right to redeem the son. Little Jesus could have been redeemed by the temple and employed in priestly service, because he was the firstborn. Instead, it seems that every single smarty pants priest in the temple missed out that God’s Son was in the building.

Instead, it was the “salt of the earth”, ordinary good-egg Israelites who saw what was going on. Mary and Joseph. Simeon. Anna.

Luke’s gospel celebrates the ordinary folk who just faithfully carry on, faithfully and persistently keeping their discipline in the face of pressures to compromise.

Mary and Joseph come to the temple. That would have been a pretty big journey. That means lost income while away from home, plus costs incurred on the journey south. It was expensive, but they still did it, because that is what the teaching of God said they should do. They didn’t try and rationalise it away – they did what was said.

They purchased the appropriate sacrifice, as the law said. True, they offered the cheaper option, but that was probably because they had already incurred a lot of costs, and because – like most other people in Roman Israel – they were poor! To be poor in Israel was to be ordinary. If you had some money, you were exceptional!

In the temple, they meet Simeon. He is explicitly introduced to us as devout and righteous, which means he was faithful to a lifestyle of prayer and giving to help others. He had spent his life longing for the “consolation” of Israel. Here was a man who longed for the things that God wanted. And that’s why he had the Holy Spirit on him – his heart was in line with God’s heart.

So when he is led to Jesus, he rejoices! “At last! I can die in peace! I am so happy, the promise of God has come to me! The one I have hoped for all my life is here, in my arms! WOW!”

In his arms is a child, who is God’s salvation, a light for both the Jews and the gentiles. Salvation is being saved from ourselves, our sin, and it should be finding hope in the community of believers Jesus left behind – the church!

So we’ve had salt-of-the-earth Joseph and Mary, ordinary folk who do their duty in the temple. Devout Simeon, who prays daily and looks after all the people he can, and then comes along Anna.

Anna is 84 years old, and she too has worshipped faithfully in the temple all her life. She has prayed and she has fasted regularly to see God’s work on earth, to see Israel redeemed. Regular fasting probably meant that, in addition to set festivals, every Monday and every Thursday, every week, she fasted. She was disciplined and committed, just an ordinary person desperate to see the kingdom of God on earth.

So in Mary, Joseph, Simeon and Anna, we see ordinary people. Not one temple priest gets mentioned – they are oblivious to the drama taking place. All their education and learning and smartness and wealth didn’t help them; it is instead in the faithful discipline of ordinary people where God is recognised – those traditional values of family, hard work, dedication and thankfulness that are often dismissed. God sees the faithful heart, the people who just keep going, trusting in him. They might not understand it all, but they keep going.

And these people help us understand what a faithful life looks like. And…brace yourself….there are some uncomfortable bits.

Prayer is a defining feature – regular, daily prayer, bringing oneself before God, humbling oneself, and asking for God to be in your life and the lives of those you love, and bringing situations you care about to God also.

It’s easier said than done! Developing a regular time of prayer is hard work and requires discipline. But there are many resources available now to help, you can find many online daily prayer services – the one I was involved with previously was an online stream from St Andrew’s in Moscow – though time differences make that one a bit awkward! But there are many others.

If you think that is hard, try fasting. Yes, there is an assumption that disciples will fast. This obviously can’t be done by people with medical conditions, but for healthy people this is actually good for you both physically and spiritually. To test your discipline, to experience hunger, and to direct your thoughts to prayer when hunger is biting, is to grow as a person.

And regular attendance at church, building your life around a community of believers, is also a common theme. Mary and Joseph are keen to bring Jesus to the temple; Simeon is a regular visitor, and Anna is perhaps most faithful of all. Church should be where we reorientate our lives to God, where we build a new family, and where we support and deepen relationships with one another and with God.

And most important, church is where Salvation and Redemption happen. As we remember, relive and point people to Jesus, we remember how we are saved from sin, have our debts erased, and are purchased from slavery to the world in order to live a new life to God.

So let us recommit to a life of discipleship, to prayer, fasting if you can, and to church and each other. And if we do that, we too will find the Holy Spirit leading us, guiding us. And then, like Anna and Simeon, we too will be guided to the source of salvation.

Sermon, Sunday 29 July 2023, the Wedding in Cana – Always the bride. Tessa Lang

1 Kings 17: v15. “And she went according to the saying of Elijah: and
she, and he, and her house, did eat many days.”
John 2: v5. “His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith
unto you, do it.”

Welcome to the Fourth Sunday of Epiphany, when both our readings
remind us of God’s limitless and loving bounty, and how to readily
receive it. The spoiler hides in plain sight as do our exemplars: a widow
of drought-ravaged Zarephath and the mother of Jesus. Little wonder
the message is well camouflaged: the widow shares her miracle with
the prophet Elijah and the mother of Jesus with her divine son as he
transforms water into wine at a wedding in Cana. The widow, her son,
and the prophet had no food; a family wedding had run out of wine with
Jesus on the guest list. So please grab your spiritual sunglasses as we
gaze upon this dazzling surface, perhaps to glimpse the sublime and
ever-present relationship of God to his people.

Today we revisit the third “shewing” or miracle of Epiphany at a
marriage feast in Cana. The arrival of the Magi is the first epiphany,
when the Christ child’s divinity is revealed to gentiles. An essential
start, even if its participants numbered just 3, the setting was humble to
point of impoverishment, and political powers had them in their sights.
The second manifestation occurred in the River Jordan when the holy
spirit descended like a dove at Jesus’ baptism, causing his cousin to
suddenly recognise Jesus as Son and Sacrifice of God. We complete
the trine of manifestations this Sunday, then close the season next
Thursday with celebration of Jesus’ presentation in the Temple, timed
to honour the new infant 33 days post circumcision and his new mother
40 days post-partum.

John raises the curtain on Epiphany 3 in Cana, a small rural village a
few kilometres north of the small town of Nazareth, where Jesus has
lived amongst his relatives and their extended tribe without great
report…though not for much longer. Mother and son once again
appear at an official family occasion we can bracket with the
Presentation, albeit some 30 years later. There are changes:
Mary is now identified as the “Mother of Jesus” and Joseph is no longer
present. As the surviving eldest son, Jesus is head of the family,
though his invitation includes the first disciples he recently called:
Simon Peter and his brother Andrew; John’s older brother James and
perhaps John himself, sons of Zebedee and possibly cousins of Jesus;
Philip and Nathaniel. Drawn from family and close connections, these
recent recruits are at the starting point of a remarkable journey with the
incarnate God, poised to step onto the world stage. The countdown to
calvary has begun: building the faith and resilience of an inner circle is

John will make the task of building belief in the divine identity of Jesus
the foundation of his gospel, structured by seven statements (“ego
eimi” or I AM that I AM) and seven signs to illustrate the God-character
of Jesus. The signs all point to Christ as the incarnate God; six of them
are found only in John, with turning water into wine at Cana the very
first one. He also reminds us of their symbolic nature, selected from the
near countless acts of healing, manifesting, and commanding the
natural world that made up Christ’s daily life…when simply being in his
presence, touching the hem of his robe, transformed those with faith.
Timing also counts in wedding matters at Cana: John tells us that the
event occurred “on the third day”. The surface starts to shimmer…for
we are 2000 years advanced in time and can hear echoes of Genesis
from the Old Testament, with strongest tones gonging the New
Testament resurrection of the glorified Christ on the third day. I imagine
these would have sounded loudest for the gospel writer and evangelist,
as well.

The third day of the week would be a Tuesday, considered by Jews to
be especially favourable for a wedding – because the account of the
third day of creation features “…And God saw that it was good” twice
in honour of a double dip appearance of dry land, followed by grass,
and self-seeding herbs and fruit trees to grow upon it sustainably. It
certainly turned out to be the under-prepared bridegroom’s lucky day.
There is also narrative reason to mention the third day in context of the
first week of Jesus’ ministry on earth…the week the Son of God creates
an infrastructure to deliver a divine plan to redeem his fallen people
through his ministry, crucifixion, and resurrection. Day 1 takes place by
the Jordan, with John the Baptist, Simon Peter and his brother Andrew.
Day 2 happens somewhere between the Jordan and the hills and
valleys of central Galilee, where Philip of Bethsaida and Nathanael of
Cana are called (the later initially asking the immortal question” Can
there any good thing come out of Nazareth?” – there must have been a
local rivalry).

Day 3 does not begin with Jesus. It begins with an occasion, a location
and one specified person “…there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee
and the mother of Jesus was there.” Then we learn that Jesus and his
disciples were invited to join, and just a bit further along, that the
brothers of Jesus were also present. Clearly this is an important family
event. No sooner had he arrived, dust still on his feet, than Mary
informs him “they have no wine”.

A failure of wine supply was more than a clumsy hint it was time to
collect your coats and leave; it was a serious embarrassment and legal
breach. Provisions relating to all aspects of the bride’s married life were
agreed and warranted in the ketubah or marriage contract, signed at the
time of betrothal and enforceable under Jewish law. The burden was
on the groom’s family to offer mohar (bride price) to her father and
mattan (wedding gifts from the groom) to her. Weddings were major,
lifetime events in this time and culture, shaped as it was by concepts of
law and honour. The entire extended family and surrounding community
were involved. The party spanned days, usually a full week,
proportionate when we remember that betrothals typically lasted at
least a year before the marriage could be celebrated and the couple
begin life under the same roof.

During that time, the bridegroom prepared for his responsibilities –
building and furnishing a home for his bride, most usually as an
extension or annex to his father’s house; putting aside resources for the
wedding; preparing for the future. Only when he was ready did the
bridegroom proceed to the bride’s father’s house to let the family know
it was time at last for the ceremony and feast. If a bridegroom and by
extension, his family, fell at the hurdle of hospitality during the first week
of the marriage when they had convened the gathering, it brought
shame, and would damage the family and relationship for life.

Perhaps you, too, have also known times when it felt as if the wine had
run out just when needed most. Like us, the Mother of Jesus does not
know what to do, but she knows who to ask – Jesus, her son and her
Christ – this she does, immediately, with direct and unshakeable faith.
When he responds to her as the Son of God – “Woman, what have I to
do with thee?” – instead of as a son or family member, she moves on in
faith, instructing the servants to “do it”, whatsoever he says.

Fortunately, it seems Mary is involved in the proceedings and known to
the servants; most significantly, it is Jesus who asks this task of them
as only the son of God could. Still, I am staggered that the servants do
the extra work without protest or delay: six stone vessels to fill with 20
to 30 gallons of water, weighing in at 170 – 250 pounds not including
the jar itself. Not like building the pyramids, but certainly hard work.
Not to mention the obvious: it wasn’t water that was in short supply!
She also gives us a masterclass in communication with the living God
who requires no instruction or commentary from us. We need only
come to him: ask, listen, then do what your saviour says, with the help
of other servants of God. The resulting transformation will be more
astounding that anything we could have imagined…as in Cana, the
miracle happens when the wine runs out and we realise we are
powerless to refill it.

I have come to believe that what Mary hears in Jesus’ reply, often
characterised as harsh or dismissive, is what she knows in her heart.
The sideways look of love and understanding that passes between
Jesus and his Mother in the artwork on the cover of today’s Order of
Service tells this story. And it can be said no better than the words of
her Magnificat “For he has looked with favour on his lowly servant.
From this day all generations will call me blessed: The Almighty has
done great things for me, And holy is his Name.”

Mary may understand that everyone passes through their own time of
birth and death whilst her beloved son is destined for a life like no other.
But did she understand what Jesus meant when he said “my time is not
yet come” on that day in Cana? That the last cup he would fill with wine
and provide to a feast on this earth would represent his spilt blood and
sacrifice? That he himself must drink the cup of judgment and death
that rightfully belongs to us to save us from sin and restore us to the
realms of joy and bliss, abundance and eternal life? We cannot know,
but I do believe she lived and died in acceptance of and gratitude for
her special relationship with God. Also, that she was right to be
confident Jesus would demonstrate his response to the question “what
have I to do with thee?” with his own multiplicity of meaning.

For Jesus does enter the narrative, directing the servants clearly and
without drawing attention to himself, re-purposing water vessels
designed for ritual cleansing; there was a lot of that called for at
mealtimes so they stood at hand. After all 6 are filled to the brim, he
tells the workers to draw out a sample and take it to the head Steward,
who pronounces it an excellent vintage, surprised that the truly good
wine has been kept for last! He was clearly none the wiser about
whence it came, the bridegroom equally bemused. It is a nearly private
miracle, when only Jesus and his mother; the disciples who witnessed
glory and believed; and the servants who did the work; who know the
source of the wine. Job done, and in God’s own time, remarkable when
you think that up to 180 gallons of vintage wine was manifested, surely
enough to cellar and supply the happy couple for all their love feasts
and celebrations.

Jesus’ intervention references the Old Testament scripture tradition,
where the metaphor of a wedding describes the relationship of God and
his people; bound together by covenant but living in permanent danger
of a dry party through the people’s unfaithfulness and disobedience.
Scarcity of wine signifies separation, loss, and withdrawal of blessing.
The only substance water is transformed into is blood, as in the deadly
first Plague upon the Egyptians told in Exodus. Judgment and
separation can be overcome only if his vibrant new wine displaces the
old water of obligation and tears.

Jesus embodies the messianic promise of sweet wine flowing at the
ultimate wedding feast of love and true intimacy; a rich new wine that
cleanses God’s people from the inside, renewing and restoring health
and righteousness in a profound and permanent way, unlike the
external application of water and laws. This wine is given in endless
abundance and joy by the Lord of the Feast, the Bridegroom Jesus

I think that is why the bride is not introduced at this wedding; she is a
place holder for each one of us, called and liberated to always be the
bride, never the lesser bridesmaid. As we move along the way of
redemption, we take on more of the image of God in which we were
first created. The wine keeps on pouring, inviting us to take our place
at the table with the God of our joy and gladness, now and always. This
is the everlasting miracle of the wedding in Cana, the first and
fundamental sign in the gospel of John. AMEN

Sermon, Sunday 22 January 2023, Epiphany III, the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity – the Reverend Glen Ruffle

It’s a game of two halves – and our gospel reading today definitely had two parts! The Kingdom of God, and the calling of the first disciples. In the latter, we have four names given to us: Simon Peter and Andrew, and then James and John, sons of Zebedee (not he from The Magic Roundabout).

There is something interesting about these names. Simon Peter has a mixed name – Simon is Jewish, but Peter is from the Greek Petros. Andrew is a name derived from the Greek, Andreas. In their names, these men – who are Jews – show the mixed nature of their part of Galilee.

James and John, on the other hand, both carry very clear, Jewish names: Yohan and Yakov (forgive my pronunciation if you speak Hebrew!). Thus even in the calling of the disciples, there is a hint that the message of Jesus is going to reach out into the pagan, Greek world.

Indeed, Matthew quotes Isaiah, pointing out explicitly that Galilee of the Gentiles (gentiles are those who are outside of the covenant of God) – Galilee of the Gentiles has seen a great light. This area of mixed influence, where Jew and Gentile intermingle, has experienced the dawn of a light.

In other words, the good news of Jesus – of forgiveness to live a new kind of life – is for all people, Jew and Gentile, Black and White, British and European, even Arsenal supporter and Tottenham supporter… this is good news for everyone.

Good news for everyone – yet we divide!

This week is the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity. It is rather an embarrassment that this week exists, given that the one we claim to follow commanded unity and prayed that we would love one another, and showed how we could care. But alas, we have this week of prayer because in the last 2000 years we have often done the opposite. And it is no wonder that the good news of Jesus, which is for everyone, is often overlooked because we Christians are slinging mud at each other.

Different denominations, and splits within denominations, all plague the global Christian church. We Anglicans are of course part of it – born of a division with the Catholic church 500 years ago; and of course the Catholic and Orthodox branches split 500 years before that.

At the heart of much division is idolatry: saying I am SO right that I can act like God and judge you. Division is us trying to be God.

And of course this week we’ve had announcements from the House of Bishops about same-sex marriage that have caused even more accusations to fly. Many Christians seem to think there is nothing better than trying to shape everyone else into their own image. “You should think like me, and I will batter you until you do so”!

First things First

Don’t get me wrong, these are important issues, but I can’t help but feel we are drowning the good news and getting attention for the wrong reasons, and rather missing that basic call to be followers of Christ, meaning that he is the judge, the adult; we are just the little children, the learning disciples.

And this is what Paul is talking about in our reading from 1 Corinthians. Division is in the church, and Paul is pointing out that everything – who baptised whom – is peripheral to the core issue of following Jesus.

This week (on Tuesday) we remembered Saint Anthony of Egypt, who lived 1700 years ago, and on Thursday we remembered Bishop Wulfstan of Worcester, who lived a mere 1000 years ago. These men of the church spent so long praying, serving the poor, and teaching the faith they had inherited, making sure they were not trapped by love for worldly things, that we remember and honour them millennia later.

What would Britain be like if the church copied them and the many women of faith who have come since? What if we were taming ourselves, seeking only deeper knowledge of God through serving each other? What if we were too busy praying for and helping drug addicts that we missed whether someone had the same view of church hierarchy as we do?

Kingdom of God v Kingdom of Career

Our gospel reading today showed the preaching of Jesus: repent, for the Kingdom of God is near. The Kingdom of God is the rule of God in the lives of believers. When you make your behaviour adapt to reflect how Jesus lived, then you are living according to different rules – to the rules of the Kingdom of God.

Yet it all begins with the word repent – stopping the process of living purely for our own gain, and turning round to reorder our lives for the sake of a higher calling. Paying the cost of discipleship.

When I was working in business, I tried to do good work, and tried to make sure my good work was noticed, to further my advancement up the ladder. I did overtime whenever requested, to impress my bosses. Promotion meant more money. Basically, I was living under the rules of the Kingdom of Career. Self promotion, seek money. The Kingdom of Career. I’m not saying you don’t need to do those things, but they are the rules of a different kingdom.

But as a Christian, I found I needed to change my life. Was it important to sacrifice time talking with my family for the sake of possible promotion? No, for me it no longer was. People became more important – knowing my mum desired nothing else than time with me, and knowing that the work would still get done tomorrow, helped me change priorities.

Under the Kingdom of God, I had to reorder things. Did all my salary go into savings? No longer: I found I needed to start giving to support the church and Christian mission organisations. I began living under a new Kingdom. Just like St Anthony lived differently, and Wulfstan lived differently, and those first disciples of Jesus lived differently.

Do not judge

And if Jesus is my Lord, he is also my judge, and he is the one I listen to. Jesus says “Do not judge, or you too shall be judged”. As a follower of Jesus, I don’t want to pronounce judgement on people but instead I want to point them to humble obedience to Christ. We’ve done enough judging each other over the past 2000 years – perhaps we should put more energy into remembering that God will judge us – so if we do judge, we had better be careful to make sure we are in line with him, and not just seeking our own selfish desires!

Work for unity and listen to the other

I am technically still the curate of St Andrew’s Church in Moscow, and that church is still technically in the Diocese in Europe, and the prayer for Christian unity is very much part of the Diocese in Europe’s work. As minority groups, Anglicans in Europe seek to build bridges with other churches, such as the Orthodox and Catholics.

There is so much we can learn from Catholics, Orthodox, Lutherans and different denominations, but in order to do that, to work on a path of unity, we have to first lay down our agendas and to be humble and willing to listen to others. Of course we have our opinion, but until we consider that our opinion could be wrong, we remain trapped in a silo of ignorance.

I spent some time in Israel a few years back with a mixed group of people. The most difficult ones in the group were those who were utterly convinced they were right and we were wrong. There was no way to even have a discussion with them. I was already judged, I was wrong and a heretic and thus there was no basis to even discuss anything with me.

But when you let in different ideas and opinions, and respect them, and listen to them, you allow a person into your life, you show respect, and you show humility. And on that basis, you begin to build bridges.

Differences are a strength!

I want to make it clear though that unity does not mean uniformity. There is a great book by the late Professor Rodney Stark called The Triumph of Christianity. I thoroughly recommend it – and in it, Stark asks why has Christianity in America survived so well and been so vibrant? He concludes the answer is the freedom that allows diversity of expression – a freedom Europe very often did not allow because of state control over churches. In the US, Catholic, Anglican, Presbyterian, Baptist, Methodist, independent – all have freedom to flourish – and compete – meaning people can find a church where they feel most comfortable. Thus differences are a strength: and it is good that Anglican churches in London cover the whole spectrum, from freestyle wave-your-hands through to high choral masses! We have a choice where we go, to worship God in the way we feel most suited.

Let’s wrap up:

  1. We have seen the work of the Diocese in Europe, building bridges and helping us learn more about Catholic, Orthodox and other expressions of Christian faith, and we join them in prayer for more Christian unity.
  2. We have explored that judging each other is only to be done with great care – far better to live each day humbly knowing that God will judge us individually!
  3. We have seen how the good news is that Jesus is for all people, and through submission to the Lordship of Jesus, we can end the cycles of division and begin the work of bridge building and reconciliation.
  4. And we have seen that unity is not uniformity, but that we are focused on being disciples of Jesus, and obeying his teaching and commands, following the person of Christ who still leads those who seek him.

It is amazing for me that, as I pray, read and reflect on the Bible, bring my life to Jesus, and spend time with God’s people – that’s you lot(!) – I find I am gently led into places and directions I never dreamed of going before. Doors open, meetings just happen – Jesus leads in his mysterious way!

So let us copy those first disciples – Peter, Andrew, James and John, and then Anthony, and then Wulfstan, and now all Christians across Europe – and let us commit to unity, to judging only ourselves, and to seeking Jesus in prayer, the bible, and in each other, our church family, the body of Christ.

Sermon, the Baptism of Christ, Sunday 8 January 2023 – The Reverend Glen Ruffle

Happy new year and if you are Orthodox, Merry Christmas to you! It is of course the Orthodox Christmas, though William was most disappointed to learn I have never seen the Orthodox practice that we are going to do today actually put into practice, even though I lived in an Orthodox country!

I did however see people cutting holes in the ice, and going for a swim – in Russian it is called being a морж (walrus!). There was a group of crazy English people in Moscow who did indulge in this ice swimming, but even though I was invited I had the good sense to decline!

As William said, we’ve jumped about thirty years in two days: from the Epiphany – the wise men coming to Jesus in his infancy – to today, with the Baptism of Christ.

But I can’t read today’s text without one big question striking me: why did Jesus need to be baptised? Let’s think this through:

  • John the Baptist explicitly provides a baptism of repentance
  • We know Jesus is the one who takes our sins. He doesn’t need to repent
  • John recognised the problem: when he saw Jesus approaching, he knew full well who should be baptising whom! It’s like me showing off my football skills, and then Lionel Messi walks onto the pitch. I know I’m in deep trouble!

So let’s be clear: the baptism was a baptism of repentance. But the gospel tells us Jesus was not repenting. Indeed, John is the one who is repenting. And Jesus says “Let it happen. Go with it. This fulfils all righteousness”. Now, whatever this answer means, it satisfied John, it satisfied Matthew and it satisfied the first readers of his gospel, the early Christians.

So, what is going on?

First, Matthew places this baptism at the start of Jesus’ ministry. Baptism is about cleansing and rebirth, so in a sense it is launching the ministry of Jesus. It is a launch.

Secondly, this baptism is taking place in the Jordan River. This is where Elijah handed over his ministry to Elisha. This is where Moses handed over to Joshua. This is where John’s ministry is decreasing, and that of Jesus is coming to the fore. This is the change of old to new.

Thirdly, the Jordan is where God’s people crossed into the promised land. And in that crossing, they emulated the crossing of the Reed Sea as they exited Egypt. This was the escape from slavery and tyranny, and the other was grasping the promises and bringing in a new reality. New identities were beginning: you went in on one side a people in a desert, nomads; you came out the other in your homeland, people on a mission. This is commissioning and the giving of identity.

Fourth, Jesus is Lord. In other words, he is the one who heads his people. This means he embodies the people of God. Just as King Charles III will, on 6th May 2023, symbolically die to himself and pick up the mantle of representing all of us, embodying us as a nation into one person before God, so too does Jesus. Jesus takes the people of God, leads us into the waters to be washed and reborn fresh and new. Jesus is not repenting personally, but he is taking us, his people, through the waters of repentance with him.

That is why the Bible is adamant that we must be In Jesus, to Dwell In Him. To Abide In Him. If we are ‘in’ him, we go with him through the waters of baptism and find forgiveness In Him. We go into death and then life with Jesus.

Fifthly, Jesus is showing us how to behave. The people reading Matthew’s gospel were Jews who wanted to know “how do we live righteously? How do we fulfil righteousness?” Matthew mentions righteousness seven times – a holy number. We know it was a concern.

And then along comes Jesus to John, and says this is how we “fulfil all righteousness”. Thus doing what God wants, obeying his commands, is how we fulfil righteousness. As such, the baptism of Jesus is a righteous thing – and righteous people will emulate it.

At the end of his gospel, Matthew gives us the great commission with its list of things believers should be doing: “Go into all the world and make disciples of all nations, baptising them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey all I have commanded you”. In other words, fulfilling righteousness is obeying the commission to make disciples, baptising them, and teaching them obedience to Jesus.

That’s a lot of theology! Let’s recap:

  • we have the launch of Jesus’ ministry;
  • the handing over and change from old to new;
  • commissioning and new identities;
  • the embodiment of his people;
  • and a call to obey him if we are to be righteous.

Baptism: it is copying our Lord and saviour. It’s joining with him, following in his footsteps. It is obedience.

I remember the faces of parents who bring their children for baptism, and how they are so shocked when you explain to them that their lovely little baptism for their little baby child is actually that child’s funeral! But that is what baptism is! It is the death of the old, and coming out of the water again as a new person. A new start. Dedicated to live for a new purpose to serve God and be righteous.

And then, as new people, we can hear the voice: “This is my Son, this is my Daughter, in whom I am well pleased”.

And this new life of righteousness begins with baptism, a conscious, public choice to follow Christ.

If you’ve not been baptised and you want to follow Jesus, then speak to me or William and we will help you take this step of obedience and make this sign to the world that a new life is beginning.

If you have been baptised, then remember what it means:

  1. the launch a new life,
  2. the change from old to new;
  3. commissioning a new identity;
  4. oneness with the people of God (embodiment),
  5. and obeying him to be righteous.

Of course in today’s world, pouring water on someone, or submersing them in public, is a weird thing to do. And so too is what we will be doing today – blessing the canal.

But actually, life is full of outward reflections of inward, spiritual truths: in church, we anoint with oil; many kneel for prayer, and cross ourselves.

But outside of church we also do symbolic thing: we humans leap about to sonic waves, called dancing. We flap our metacarpi together to reward a good performance – we clap!

And we exchange and wear circular chemical elements that are transition metals with a group 11 element and atomic number of 79 in a public forum – we give wedding rings!

These are all symbolic actions, and they have meaning. We are not being superstitious when we do them, we are reminding ourselves that materialism is not everything, and that our outward actions reflect our inward constitution.

If someone is baptised, they are saying to the world “I am changing, metaphorically dying. The old me is dead, and I am now someone new. I want to live differently, to start again. This outward baptism shows an inward change.”

If someone blesses the waters of the canal, we are saying to the world “We Christians are people who live under the authority of Jesus, and he and us want the best for everyone who lives and works on the canal.

We want businesses to flourish. We want health, and safety. And that’s because God wants these things. God wants to restore and reconcile ALL THINGS, all of creation, to himself.”

But like with baptism, restoration of all things happens when the current ways of living are brought to God, made to die in the water, and then brought out the other side, relaunched in new life under His authority.

  • So join us today in proclaiming God’s desire to restore all things as we bless the canal
  • Reflect on where you are – should you be baptised in obedience to Christ?
  • And if you were baptised, ask yourself, are you living faithfully to your new birth, under the Lordship of Jesus?

Sermon, the Baptism of Christ, 8 January 2023 – the Reverend Glen Ruffle

Happy new year and if you are Orthodox, Merry Christmas to you! It is of course the Orthodox Christmas, though William was most disappointed to learn I have never seen the Orthodox practice that we are going to do today actually put into practice, even though I lived in an Orthodox country!

I did however see people cutting holes in the ice, and going for a swim – in Russian it is called being a морж (walrus!). There was a group of crazy English people in Moscow who did indulge in this ice swimming, but even though I was invited I had the good sense to decline!

As William said, we’ve jumped about thirty years in two days: from the Epiphany – the wise men coming to Jesus in his infancy – to today, with the Baptism of Christ.

But I can’t read today’s text without one big question striking me: why did Jesus need to be baptised? Let’s think this through:

  • John the Baptist explicitly provides a baptism of repentance
  • We know Jesus is the one who takes our sins. He doesn’t need to repent
  • John recognised the problem: when he saw Jesus approaching, he knew full well who should be baptising whom! It’s like me showing off my football skills, and then Lionel Messi walks onto the pitch. I know I’m in deep trouble!

So let’s be clear: the baptism was a baptism of repentance. But the gospel tells us Jesus was not repenting. Indeed, John is the one who is repenting. And Jesus says “Let it happen. Go with it. This fulfils all righteousness”. Now, whatever this answer means, it satisfied John, it satisfied Matthew and it satisfied the first readers of his gospel, the early Christians.

So, what is going on?

First, Matthew places this baptism at the start of Jesus’ ministry. Baptism is about cleansing and rebirth, so in a sense it is launching the ministry of Jesus. It is a launch.

Secondly, this baptism is taking place in the Jordan River. This is where Elijah handed over his ministry to Elisha. This is where Moses handed over to Joshua. This is where John’s ministry is decreasing, and that of Jesus is coming to the fore. This is the change of old to new.

Thirdly, the Jordan is where God’s people crossed into the promised land. And in that crossing, they emulated the crossing of the Reed Sea as they exited Egypt. This was the escape from slavery and tyranny, and the other was grasping the promises and bringing in a new reality. New identities were beginning: you went in on one side a people in a desert, nomads; you came out the other in your homeland, people on a mission. This is commissioning and the giving of identity.

Fourth, Jesus is Lord. In other words, he is the one who heads his people. This means he embodies the people of God. Just as King Charles III will, on 6th May 2023, symbolically die to himself and pick up the mantle of representing all of us, embodying us as a nation into one person before God, so too does Jesus. Jesus takes the people of God, leads us into the waters to be washed and reborn fresh and new. Jesus is not repenting personally, but he is taking us, his people, through the waters of repentance with him.

That is why the Bible is adamant that we must be In Jesus, to Dwell In Him. To Abide In Him. If we are ‘in’ him, we go with him through the waters of baptism and find forgiveness In Him. We go into death and then life with Jesus.

Fifthly, Jesus is showing us how to behave. The people reading Matthew’s gospel were Jews who wanted to know “how do we live righteously? How do we fulfil righteousness?” Matthew mentions righteousness seven times – a holy number. We know it was a concern.

And then along comes Jesus to John, and says this is how we “fulfil all righteousness”. Thus doing what God wants, obeying his commands, is how we fulfil righteousness. As such, the baptism of Jesus is a righteous thing – and righteous people will emulate it.

At the end of his gospel, Matthew gives us the great commission with its list of things believers should be doing: “Go into all the world and make disciples of all nations, baptising them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey all I have commanded you”. In other words, fulfilling righteousness is obeying the commission to make disciples, baptising them, and teaching them obedience to Jesus.

That’s a lot of theology! Let’s recap:

  • we have the launch of Jesus’ ministry;
  • the handing over and change from old to new;
  • commissioning and new identities;
  • the embodiment of his people;
  • and a call to obey him if we are to be righteous.

Baptism: it is copying our Lord and saviour. It’s joining with him, following in his footsteps. It is obedience.

I remember the faces of parents who bring their children for baptism, and how they are so shocked when you explain to them that their lovely little baptism for their little baby child is actually that child’s funeral! But that is what baptism is! It is the death of the old, and coming out of the water again as a new person. A new start. Dedicated to live for a new purpose to serve God and be righteous.

And then, as new people, we can hear the voice: “This is my Son, this is my Daughter, in whom I am well pleased”.

And this new life of righteousness begins with baptism, a conscious, public choice to follow Christ.

If you’ve not been baptised and you want to follow Jesus, then speak to me or William and we will help you take this step of obedience and make this sign to the world that a new life is beginning.

If you have been baptised, then remember what it means:

  1. the launch a new life,
  2. the change from old to new;
  3. commissioning a new identity;
  4. oneness with the people of God (embodiment),
  5. and obeying him to be righteous.

Of course in today’s world, pouring water on someone, or submersing them in public, is a weird thing to do. And so too is what we will be doing today – blessing the canal.

But actually, life is full of outward reflections of inward, spiritual truths: in church, we anoint with oil; many kneel for prayer, and cross ourselves.

But outside of church we also do symbolic thing: we humans leap about to sonic waves, called dancing. We flap our metacarpi together to reward a good performance – we clap!

And we exchange and wear circular chemical elements that are transition metals with a group 11 element and atomic number of 79 in a public forum – we give wedding rings!

These are all symbolic actions, and they have meaning. We are not being superstitious when we do them, we are reminding ourselves that materialism is not everything, and that our outward actions reflect our inward constitution.

If someone is baptised, they are saying to the world “I am changing, metaphorically dying. The old me is dead, and I am now someone new. I want to live differently, to start again. This outward baptism shows an inward change.”

If someone blesses the waters of the canal, we are saying to the world “We Christians are people who live under the authority of Jesus, and he and us want the best for everyone who lives and works on the canal.

We want businesses to flourish. We want health, and safety. And that’s because God wants these things. God wants to restore and reconcile ALL THINGS, all of creation, to himself.”

But like with baptism, restoration of all things happens when the current ways of living are brought to God, made to die in the water, and then brought out the other side, relaunched in new life under His authority.

  • So join us today in proclaiming God’s desire to restore all things as we bless the canal
  • Reflect on where you are – should you be baptised in obedience to Christ?
  • And if you were baptised, ask yourself, are you living faithfully to your new birth, under the Lordship of Jesus?

Sermon, Christmas Day 2022 – The Reverend Glen Ruffle

An old man was sitting in his chair in Bethlehem when a young man walked up to him, with a notebook and pencil in hand. “What are you selling?” cried out the old man. “I’m not selling anything sir”, replied the young man. “I’m taking the census”.

“The what?” said the old man. “The census” the young man shouted back, noting the old man was deaf. “Emperor Augustus has decreed that a census be taken of the whole world, so that we know how many people are in the empire”.

“Well” said the old man, “You are wasting your time with me. I have no idea how many people there are…”

I began the service in Moscow last year with that joke. I swear, one person out of the hundred laughed, most people looked confused, and the chaplain groaned. The similar reaction from you here in London has convinced me that this joke should be retired…!

Well, Merry Christmas! And Christmas is a story about GOOD NEWS and about SALVATION. It leaves us with Mary wondering what is happening, and shepherds marvelling on the hillsides. And as the story progresses, faithful people in the temple are bowled over by the child, God’s salvation! The story asks us to read on, and leaves us wondering what this good news is, what the saviour is going to do… for this baby is not the be-all and end-all – the baby is going to turn to a child and then an adult.

The baby is thus a metaphor for our own lives and faiths. Christmas is nice – babies are great, but they don’t stay that way. The child must grow, so too must we. As we all grow, we realise that life is complicated and hard, and that we are in warfare, and we need to be saved. Christmas is the good news that salvation is here.

We all know we as humans have problems. Our pride, ambition and selfishness causes pain and brokenness all the time. But we also have structural problems: we continue to take flights, drive cars, and buy products that are worsening the environment, knowing that Christians in Africa and Asia are paying the price. We continue to do this, despite knowing it’s making the world worse. We, and all humans, are, quite simply, hopelessly selfish. We need saving from ourselves. You need saving from you.

So God came in a man – Jesus Christ – showing another way. God could have come like a Hollywood superhero, but instead he washed feet, wept with grieving people, touched sick people, and protected children. He showed us a new way of living. He embraced those parts of life we run from. He calls the people who follow him to love and serve one another. In serving each other, the world will know God.

This is good news: if I decide to follow Jesus, and change how I live, then I am rescued from my slavery to sin, I am forgiven, and I am saved to live a different life! And so as I know more about Jesus, as I worship and read the bible and let him minister to me in prayer, I become more like Jesus. And I become more aware of others, more caring and compassionate, less bothered about the clothes I wear, and more bothered about clothing other people.

You can’t say that a world full of people acting like Jesus would be worse than this one. It would be an amazing place to live!

And it all began in a baby in Bethlehem, announced to the world as good news. That’s the good news the church should be proclaiming at Christmas! The gift of a baby, a life full of potential that was fulfilled.

Many of you will know of John Newton. He was in the 1700s a slave trader for many years, but when he discovered Jesus, his life changed. He matured, and followed his Lord on a new path, leading him to actively campaign against slavery. As he grew up further, he used his money to support liberation, and he ended up being vicar of St Mary Woolnoth, near the Bank of England, and writing hymns. He encouraged William Wilberforce when William was questioning the effectiveness of his campaigning work. And so John Newton’s legacy still echoes down the centuries. That’s the difference following Jesus can make!

Today, the birth of the child reminds us of potential. If or when you decide to follow Jesus, you begin life again like a child. The Christ child walks ahead, and if you follow him, who knows where you might end up.

You might end up like John Newton (and me! – poor you!) in church ministry. Or you might end up delivering aid to people in distress.

Or you might do something less exotic but no less important, bringing friends and family together more often, deepening precious relationships and healing old wounds.

But whatever it is, this Christmas, do decide to follow the one who is good news and who is our saviour. Welcome the baby, but also embrace the potential that he calls you to grow into. As the baby becomes an adult, follow him into spiritual adulthood, and see where he might lead you.

Sermon, Midnight Mass, 24 December 2022 – the Vicar

It is midnight in Bethlehem.

Tonight’s Gospel evokes Bethlehem’s hillsides. The angel of the Lord proclaimed to shepherds that their Saviour had been born.

“This will be the sign. Ye will find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes and lying in a manger…. And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.”

Isaiah proclaims in about 730 BC: “The ox knows its owner; and the donkey knows the manger (phatne) of its lord; but Israel has not known me.” (Isaiah 1: 3).

In the natural world things are self-evident, animals know their masters, in the human world, things are not so simple. Israel will not recognise God; while this should be natural, it is not.

In this Bethlehem shepherds’ narrative, the old vision of not-knowing is being reversed.

The manger is a word play in Isaiah. It is mentioned three times by Luke. Our attention is drawn to it. An old Hebrew word for manger is almost the same as Jerusalem.

I think the angels are saying:

You shepherds unlike your predecessors can know Him, and it is in Jerusalem he will be found.”

So, having established that the angels want us to have our minds directed to Jerusalem, what about the swaddling clothes?

In Jerusalem, at its very heart, the putting on of the linen garments of the High Priest was of key significance. Indeed, the High Priest was swathed in linen. In the Temple there was a huge veil, an embroidered work of art. Behind that was another veil, made of linen. Only the priests could go behind the second veil, and to do so they had to be swathed in linen. In the earliest days of Solomon’s Temple, the Messianic King was set apart as a priest to perform those sacred rites as well.

We know from the psalms, that as kings were anointed in Israel, they were divinely begotten, in Jerusalem.

In the alleluia verse which heralded this evening’s Gospel, we have just heard the verse from the second Psalm, which speaks of the birth in the Temple of the Messiah. Along with the other nine so called “Royal Psalms” we can almost reconstruct the means by which a Davidic king, a Messiah, was reborn and would exercise their quasi-priestly functions in the Temple.

The elevation of the Messiah was a mystical consecration in the heart of the Temple. The identity of the one to be anointed was exchanged; their humanity was replaced. They were re-born; they became a representation of the divinity, which had both royal and priestly attributes.

In the first lesson, Isaiah’s promise of the birth of a son, who would be a wonderful counsellor, Divine Hero (the better translation from the Hebrew of “The mighty God”), Everlasting Father, and Prince of Peace, refers directly to the ritual of begetting of a new Messiah. Isaiah is seeing not the birth of a child, but the anointing in the Temple in robes of linen of a new King, an everlasting Father and Prince of Peace.

In going to the manger, the shepherds were reversing the age-old misapprehension. Previously Israel had not known its Lord.

Now, the shepherds hasten to the manger/Jerusalem, where they find the one swathed in the linen of the High Priest, Saviour and King. But the words have played tricks on us. It IS a manger, and they are swaddling clothes. Utter holiness is not where it should be, but in a cave in Bethlehem.

On the sixth of May 2023, Charles, our Most Excellent King and Governor, will come to the collegiate church of St Peter of Westminster, Westminster Abbey. He will enter its precincts in red, the robes of a martyr, he will take the coronation oath, and he will be divested of all magnificence, and screened from view, the Archbishop will pour oil onto his head, breast and hands, just as we do in any baptism.  By actions which date back to the time of David and Solomon, King Charles will be anointed, and reborn. Following his crowning, the outward sign of the inner new reality, he will be lifted to a higher throne to receive the fealty of his subjects.

The King, in a rite which on these shores dates back to 973, will be re-begotten.

As his mother before him did for over 70 years, he will reign over us, as one set apart. Our age sets little store by sacraments and holiness, but this is the great treasure of the English inheritance. There is no constitution. There is only a coronation which acts as the once in a generational moment when all the institutions of Church and State are consecrated, seen in their true light.

It is as fragile as the one who wears the crown. It is at once human and divine.

As we celebrate the birth of the one and only true Lord and King, Jesus Christ, we pray that God may bless and consecrate our earthly sovereign as richly as he did the late Queen. And may the world be caught up in that rare moment of particular consecration.

The opening of John’s Gospel speaks of the word made flesh.

Forgive me if you heard me say this last year and the year before that and the year before that, but it bears re-telling every year:

When we take bread and wine at the Eucharist, the priest prays over the chalice as water is added:

By the mystery of this water and wine, may we share in the divinity of Christ who humbled himself to share in our humanity.

He exchanges his nature for ours, that we might exchange our nature for his.

At the very heart of the rites of the King’s anointing is embedded the same mystery. It is a consecration for us all, and points to the destiny of humanity.

Everyone’s favourite hymn writer Mrs Alexander grasped all of this in the last words of Once in Royal:

And He leads His children on
To the place where He is gone.

Not in that poor lowly stable,
With the oxen standing by.

We shall see Him; but in heaven,
Set at God’s right hand on high;
Where like stars His children crowned
All in white shall wait around.













Sermon, Advent IV, 18 December 2022 – The Reverend Glen Ruffle

I like to be organised, and wrote today’s sermon two weeks ago. I focused on Joseph.

And then William and Joanna sent me the orders of service, mentioning that we celebrate Mary today. Thus this past week left me rewriting everything from scratch!

But that’s great news, because I can now focus on two heroes, two great people from the Christmas story. But let us not forget, both of them point not to themselves, but only to Jesus.

Matthew’s account of the birth of Jesus brings out the role of Joseph. It makes a number of key points relevant to both him and Mary, but a major one is that Jesus’ father was not Joseph. We are told in v18 that the pregnancy happened before they lived together; v19 that Joseph’s character was full of integrity; v20 that the child is from God; v23 that Mary was a virgin; and v25 that Joseph did not have marital relations until after the birth.

In other words, Jesus’s origins are not from a frisky chap who had his wicked way with Mary! In that ancient culture, it would be quite difficult for a man to spend time alone with a woman before marriage – families were always present, and Mary would be protected by the males around her. Matthew’s point is that the child Jesus had origins from somewhere else. Nothing humans did. The child is given through the Holy Spirit of God.

The ancient Greeks had lots of stories about their deities seducing maidens. The demigods of Greek mythology were very often the products of a liaison between Zeus and a human woman he took a fancy to. So in the Greek mind, it would be normal for a deity to seduce a woman and impregnate her. But we need to remember that Matthew is Jewish: the Jews abhorred Greek religion, and to compare the holiness of Yahweh the God of Israel with the filthy Zeus would be a stoning offence!

This child was conceived by the Holy Spirit, but no sexual union is involved. The one who made the womb has just as easily given it life without the involvement of any human.

Now imagine you are Joseph: he is going to be pretty annoyed. He might be doing his business, making a bit of a name for himself, a proud upstanding member of the community, with a growing customer base, people trusting him because he’s honest and works hard.

And he’s found this great girl Mary, she’s attractive and he’s been able to do a great deal to make sure he’s the one who’s going to marry her. He’s delighted and thinking of how respectable he’s going to be: Joseph Esquire, with Mary his trophy wife: Carpenter to the King, Affordable hand-crafted excellence! And now it will be Joseph & Sons (or daughters!).

And then Mary says “Erm…I’m pregnant”… You can imagine Joseph’s shock and then fury. She has betrayed him. She has humiliated him. Couldn’t she have done this before they were engaged, before they want public, before wedding preparations had begun? She’s stabbed him in the back – but people will think he is the father! His reputation will go through the dirt! “Oh that’s Joseph, he couldn’t keep his urges under control”.

So to try and limit the reputational damage, he seeks to put her away quietly. But don’t forget, he’s not just a selfish guy, he is actually a good man, and he doesn’t want her to be disgraced. He does care for her. And as a good Jew, he’s following Deuteronomy 24:1, which says “if a wife has something objectionable, the husband can give her a certificate of divorce and send her away”. He’s trying to do the right thing in this mess.

But an angel appears and asks Joseph to do something else. “No Joseph, you are not to send this woman away. You are to marry her, but first she’s going to have a baby. And yes, everyone will think either you couldn’t keep yourself under control, or she’s been with another man. But tough. Your reputation doesn’t matter here. What matters is she has someone to care for her at her most vulnerable time. And that’s your job. You provide an element of protection in a hostile world as this woman brings into being a special child. Eat your pride, Joseph. Learn humility.”

By taking Mary as his wife, Joseph gave her safety. He gave her validity. And he brought all the shame on himself. What a hero. What an example of losing everything, all respect and societal honour, for the sake of a higher calling.

It is true to say that Matthew presents Joseph as the main actor, with Mary being much less passive. But at the end of today’s service, we have a section called The Angelus, in which we remember Mary’s role and recognise that throughout the previous 2000 years, she has inspired people and been much more of a focus than Joseph.

Poor Mary. She is very vulnerable in Matthew, subject to the decisions of those around her. And since then, she has been the subject of argument, not least in the Reformation. I very much grew up in a tradition that is suspicious of saints, Marian devotion, and all ‘Popery’! Yet when I was in Russia, an Orthodox believer asked me once, “Glen, would you ask me to pray for you in times of difficulty?” I said yes. He replied “Then why would you not ask a great Christian of the past to pray for you? For that person has run the race, won the prize, and is in new life with Christ. Surely a better person to intercede for you?”

It certainly made me think. Thankfully there have been many commissions that have studied the arguments between Catholics and Reformers, and a joint Catholic-Anglican commission came together to declare some foundations on which both churches agree: the prime one being that there is one Lord and saviour, Jesus Christ. Anything that places Mary in a salvation role is simply wrong. She was saved by her baby.

So where did the devotion to Mary come from that has so divided Christians? The answers lie in the early centuries after Christ. The Church was facing many intellectual attacks, one of which said Jesus just appeared to be a human.

No, the Church Fathers replied: he was fully human, of the same substance with his mother. And more than that, Jesus was the Word made flesh from conception. He was God incarnate united with human flesh in the womb. There was not a birth, and then the baby became God. Just as death was an event God went through in Jesus, so birth was an event God went through. That’s quite mind-blowing!

And thus, it is actually right to say that Mary is Theotokos. For the Greek word, Theotokos, means “she who gave birth to one who was God”. And that is what is meant when we say “Mother of God” – or more accurately, she was mother of God Incarnate, in other words, mother to Jesus Christ.

There has been much debate and argument over whether “Mother of God” is a good translation, because we do not mean she somehow begat God Almighty! But in her human role, she gave birth to and nurtured Jesus, who was in the Father, and the Father in him.

Maybe like me (still) you have some awkwardness at the The Angelus, but my way through it is to remember the meaning behind the words. The Angel said “Hail Mary: Greetings Mary”. We are not “hailing” her, we are repeating the words of the Angel in the King James Bible – hail means to greet. And when we say “Mother of God”, we refer to the fact that she gave birth to Jesus, and served him as mother.

The last line is “Pray for us, O holy Mother of God: That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ“. And that is what it’s all about. That we might be ready and prepared for his coming in our lives.

Mary was chosen. She was gifted the ultimate gift, but with it came so much burden and oh what shame! So many awkward questions. Yet she carried the child, cared for it, and received the ultimate blessing. Blessed is she among women, for she carried her saviour! She carried and nurtured the love of God.

Today let us remember Joseph and Mary. They both sacrificed reputation, future plans, and societal standing in order to be faithful to God’s calling.

This Christmas, God is calling us too. He’s calling us to be people in whom Christ can be born. He’s calling us to lay aside the trappings of this world and to be people among whom Jesus Christ can flourish.

That means sacrifice. It means faithfully loving and serving others, in the same way that a baby takes your time. We happily serve our babies, but do we also willingly visit elderly people who are suffering, lonely or dying? Do we surround them with love and comfort?

Do we pray faithfully for those we know who do not know Jesus as Lord and saviour? Do we model love, care, compassion and sacrifice in our homes? So that non-Christians can see our lives and ask “why do you live differently?”

Do we give faithfully of our money, to support those who have so little? Are we sure that our friends and family – and the homeless people in our vicinity – are being cared for and know they are loved?

Joseph and Mary are faith models for us, modelling the Christian life: one of dying to ourselves, and living for Jesus.

So let us honour Mary, let us honour Joseph, by living as they did: for the sake and glory of their Son.


Report on Anglican and Roman Catholic dialogue concerning Mary:

Mary-Grace-and-Hope-in-Christ_english.pdf (


Sermon, 4 December 2022, Advent II – Ros Miskin

In today’s Gospel reading we learn of John the Baptist appearing in the wilderness of Judea, calling upon people to repent and be baptized by him, confessing their sins.  Yet when the Jewish leaders, known as the Pharisees, appear, John dismisses them in their attempt to be baptized by him.  He says that they cannot be baptized until they ‘bear fruit worthy of repentance’.  It is not enough to claim Abraham as their ancestor; they must repent first.  This is a sharply worded attack on them, followed by a vitriolic statement that if they do not repent ‘they will be thrown into the fire’.

The root of this conflict with the Pharisees that prompts John’s call to them for repentance, is that they did not accept Jesus as the Messiah, authoritative in the law, possessing divine authority and one, by the time Matthew’s Gospel was written, who had risen from the dead.  Since they had failed to do so, John declares that they are ‘a brood of vipers’ who are in danger of meeting their end.  Using nature as a vehicle for his vitriol, John warns them that as they are as fruit, unworthy of repentance, the axe is lying at the root of the trees that bear this fruit; every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. Nor, John warns them, will Jesus allow them to continue as the wheat will be gathered into the granary ‘but the chaff will burn with unquenchable fire’.

The sentence in this narrative that stands out in my mind as being the most savage is: ‘even now the axe is lying at the root of the trees’.  It is sad when a tree is cut down and, as we know from the current battle to save forests all over the world, the loss of trees does not help us towards a better climate nor encourage the continuance of certain species of wildlife.  There was a magnificent London plane tree that stood in the rear courtyard of my block of flats which was cut down and we then lost a magnificent manifestation of nature which was helping to keep pollution at bay.

Why then, with all that trees provide for us, would Matthew use this aspect of nature, albeit that we do not have to take his words literally?

To find the answer let us go back to the very beginning of the Bible, where we find Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden.  They are told by God that they can eat freely of every tree in the Garden but of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil they shall not eat, for in the day that they eat of it they shall die. Unfortunately they do not obey God but choose to obey the serpent and eat of the fruit.  By this act of disobedience they are expelled from the Garden and left with all the pain and hazards of life to be engaged with.  This can be summed up in  the words ‘Paradise Lost’.

As we journey on through the Old Testament, there is, in spite of the expulsion from the Garden of Eden, a positive relationship with trees.  Sometimes beneficial, as Noah is able to create an ark from cypress wood to save him and his household and animals from the flood. The Ark of the Covenant with God with his people was made of acacia wood, as was the Altar of Incense for worship by the Israelites on their journey from Sinai to the promised land.  Yet once we get to the New Testament, the clouds gather.  In Matthew’s chapter 12 Jesus attacks the Pharisees in the same manner as John did; if the fruit is bad, the tree is bad and the Pharisees will be held to account for every careless word they utter on the Day of Judgement.  In chapter 21, having cleansed the Temple in a rage against the money changers, Jesus continues to be wrathful as he makes the fig tree wither that has not provided him with something to eat.

This stormy relationship comes to a head when Jesus is put to death on the wooden Cross, sometimes referred to as a tree. When he has breathed his last the curtain of the Temple was torn in two and ‘the earth shook and the rocks were split’.  This great moment, though, was not the end of our journey through the Bible with trees.  Not the end because in his death Jesus is paving the way for us to get back the Tree of Life that Adam and Eve lost sight of.  He is able to do this because, as Isaiah describes him, he is ‘a shoot from the stock of Jesse, and a branch shall grow out of his roots’.  This shoot, Isaiah tells us, will have the Spirit of the Lord on him and he will be there for the poor and the meek and in the end ‘the wolf shall live with the lamb’.

Success is revealed in the Book of Revelation when we know that the Tree of Life has not been lost to us.  It is on either side of the river of the water of life that flows through the New Jerusalem.  The Tree will produce its fruit each month and the leaves are for the healing of the nations.

Thus it is that the Bible begins and ends with this Tree of Life and that demonstrates that God’s covenant with us is a promise that can never be broken. No axe can fell it nor storm up root it.  It will help us to remember this when we go through the storms of life and keep in mind the rainbow that symbolises this covenant which is the symbol of hope for us all.



Sermon, Advent Sunday, 27 November 2022 – The Reverend Glen Ruffle

Well here we are on the first day of advent, yet we start at the beginning by talking about the end!

I am standing here today largely because of “THE END TIMES”! I grew up in a home where there was great interest in the ‘signs of the times’, and my mum would often see something on the TV news and then say ominously “the Bible says something about that”.

And to a teenage boy, this is exciting stuff! Combining world events with ancient scriptures is actually quite good fun! I’ve heard it said that the tanks going into Iraq would, to an ancient prophet, look like locusts. Plenty of prophecies about locusts in the Bible!

And that Saddam Hussein had the spirit of Nebuchadnezzar, and his rise to power was a sign of the end. History unfortunately disproved that one.

I also heard that China is the dragon from the book of Revelation, because dragons are important in Chinese folklore… and more oddly, that Madonna, and then Britney Spears, are the “whores of Babylon”!!!

I loved this stuff, and it got me into the bible, into reading more and onto the long process that led me to finding that things were more complicated than I had previously thought. I came to realise that, as much as all of that speculation is fascinating and great for hypothetical creative discussion, it is basically entirely down to an individual’s imagination. The same event can be matched to numerous scriptures if your mind is creative enough, and any possible outcome deduced as prophecy.

This frustrated me, because I do want to know what the Bible is actually saying! If the scriptures of God are to mean anything consistent, then there must be an objective way of reading them rather than a random subjective way! This process led me into proper bible study and began a process leading to church ministry.

And so we find in Chapter 24 that Jesus Christ has something to say on the matter of “the end times”, and a close reading of the gospel of Matthew brings a big disappointment to those “reading the signs”, but also a big warning to us.

Chapter 24 of Matthew is answering two questions posed at the beginning. The first one is “When will all the stones of the temple be thrown down?”. The second is “What will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?”. Most of Chapter 24 answers the first question. Indeed, Jesus actually says “Truly I tell you, this generation will not pass away until all these things have taken place.” And he’s talking about the apocalyptic destruction of the Jerusalem Temple.

That temple, which includes stones that weigh an estimated 500 tons, was the glory of Israel. David had prepared it; Solomon had built it; God had consecrated it; and God had promised his presence would be there. But as Israel’s complacency grew, God’s presence departed the temple and Israel fell into captivity.

But then came change – a new Persian ruler, a decree allowing them to return home, and the passionate desire that this time will be different. The exiles returned to Jerusalem and began rebuilding the city. Yet it should have rung alarm bells that much of the temple was reconstructed by a cruel, selfish egomaniac called Herod the Great. This man was very clearly not in the line of David or Solomon.

As Herod’s reign came to an end, a baby was born in the north of Israel, a son was given. Foreign kings came to worship him, but the political leaders tried to kill him. The boy became a man and told people that he was the new temple; that God was among then, in him. And he brought life, and healing and sustenance and direction to all he met.

But the leaders of this Herodian temple, in collaboration with the pagan power of Rome, killed the man who was God’s temple. Yet that did not make the problems go away. As well as an annoying group of people who insisted that this Jesus had come back to life and that they had seen and met him, there were wider issues. Roman oppression was resulting in uprisings, and soon Israel was in revolt against Rome.

To end it all, General Vespasian marched from the north, down through Israel, razing the country. He was called away to Rome to become Emperor halfway through the job, but his son Titus finished the work. Jerusalem was destroyed, and the prophecy of Jesus fulfilled.

But our reading today comes after the destruction of Jerusalem. Now Jesus is answering the second question, shown clearly when he says “But about that day”, contrasting it to the other, earlier ‘day’. And about “that, later” day, Jesus says very clearly: NO ONE KNOWS THE DAY OR THE HOUR. No angel knows. On earth, in his submission, humbling of himself before his Father, and identification with us humans, not even Jesus knew. It was a secret hidden with the Father.

No one knows the day or the hour. Just like in the times of Noah, people will be going about life. Buying, selling, trading, marrying, divorcing, partying, mourning. Two people will be working in a field, but one will be saved, the other not.

The point, therefore, is KEEP AWAKE. Keep yourself alert. Keep your light burning. Keep your clothes on. Keep your guard up. Don’t get slack. Don’t let your behaviour fall. Stand firm, resist the pull of lethargy, the temptation to compromise!

The first people who heard this were wondering when Christ would return. The message is clear: no one knows. But so too is the message: don’t get lazy.

In Matthew’s gospel, much teaching has been given on how the followers of Jesus should be living – see the Sermon on the Mount – and so we have plenty to guide us. The key, then, is in consistency.

One person has become lazy, she goes into the field having stopped charitable contributions, having given up praying for watching more TV instead, having neglected those in her family who need comfort and help, having put her trust in her bank account more than in God. She has plenty of spare time, but uses it all to shop and consume, never once calling her elderly relatives.

The other person remembers to visit her elderly friend, and calls her parents regularly. She gives to those in need when she can, and practices prayer and bible reading, reflecting on how she can grow spiritually. She enjoys time relaxing with the TV, but is wise to discern what is beneficial and what is not, and she makes sure she uses her time profitably. When she can, she visits those who are suffering and helps with a homeless ministry.

One of these ladies has kept awake. One of these ladies is alert. One of them has the candle burning. One of them has her guard up. One of them will be saved.

The message today is make sure you are that one. Don’t be side-tracked by worldly distractions. Make sure your heart is fixated on the important things, the things of eternal value.

For the end will come, and when it comes, will you or I be found alert, looking for our saviour, or will we be so lost in distractions that we are found to be of no use for the eternal king?

Sermon, Remembrance Sunday, 13 November 2022 – The Reverend Glen Ruffle

There is certainly a lot to remember this year, especially with the passing of HM the Queen, herself a war veteran, and the ascendency to the throne of King Charles III, who has experience in all three services. And it will be to the war in which the Queen served that I will refer later.

I’ve not served in the armed forces except for a 2 week placement with the chaplain of the British Army’s 5 Rifles, which included the amazing experience of waking up on a foggy morning in Norfolk surrounded by boxes marked “grenades”.

For me personally it’s hard to comprehend that this time last year I was in Moscow. Diplomats, ambassadors and defence attaches from embassies across the city converged on St Andrew’s, where we remembered those who gave their tomorrow so that we could have today.

Those memories are confusing and mixed. I stood there in Moscow, knowing just how proud my father would have been. He would always stand for the two minutes silence, being part of that generation born after the war, living in the shadow of an event so huge that they could never quite live up to it. His father – my grandfather – had served in World War Two, yet like most of that generation, rarely spoke of it.

As we observed the silence, I was aware of the privilege of helping to lead worship in front of such a prestigious crowd. Yet we were all completely unaware of what was brewing half-a-mile away in the Kremlin. Today, one year later, so many lives have been destroyed by those decisions. I had no idea of the implications of those decisions for me personally: because of that war, since March I have slept in 14 different beds, averaging one new bed every 3 weeks!

Yet millions of people have suffered much worse. Homes and livelihoods destroyed. Unemployment and enforced migration. One month living in your own house; the next living as a refugee, dependent on the goodwill of others. And for many more, there was a son, a brother, a father – and then there was not. How many soldiers have been called to the frontline, willingly or not, and then, before they’ve had the chance to even understand why they are there, the war for them ends. A bomb. A missile. A grenade. A drone. A bullet. And their war is over – another coffin returns, another family is devastated.

I want to take us back to Moscow last year and the Remembrance Service there. The Reverend Malcolm Rogers, still chaplain in Moscow, gave another of his brilliant sermons. All his sermons are powerful and provoking, produced by a humble, passionate man of prayer and biblical study. But this one has stayed with me beyond the others, and so today I will blatantly plagiarise much of his sermon!

Malcolm preached on the Arctic Convoys. To help Soviet Russia in its fight against Hitler, Britain and the allied forces sent convoys across the freezing arctic to supply the USSR. Churchill described the convoys as the “world’s worst journey” – through freezing waters, with sub-zero cutting winds, facing mountainous waves on ships weighed down by thick pack ice on them, the crew sleeping in their coats to keep warm, and all with the threat of U-boats waiting to torpedo your ship.

Then Malcom introduced us to some people who were on those convoys. There was Anderson. He was 17 years old, an American cabin boy on convoy PQ13 in 1942. His ship got lost from the main convoy and was torpedoed. Anderson spent 4 days in a lifeboat at minus 20 before a Russian minesweeper picked them up. Many others had died in the boat from exposure. On the minesweeper, a Russian nurse tried to help Anderson, but when she peeled off his shirt she saw his skin was dead and blackened from the waist down, and he was unable to bend. He died shortly afterwards.

And there was Russell Harrison Bennett, a Canadian who had been on a ship when it was hit and exploded. He had been badly lacerated but was rescued. Then his rescue ship was hit by a torpedo. He survived the lifeboat but died of his injuries on the next ship to collect him. The nurse commented that he never moaned and was a wonderful cheery patient.

For Anderson and for Russell, we ask: what was the point? Anderson was 17. He had just started, and then was dead. As with D-Day – how many were shot before they even put a foot on those beaches? What was their contribution? And Afghanistan – all that work and then the politicians abandon the country. What was it for? And now with Russian and Ukrainian soldiers – so many Russians didn’t even know why they were driving to Kyiv in aging machinery before a rocket ended them. What is the point? Did Anderson and Russell mean anything?

In the gospel reading today, Jesus was talking about wars and rumours of war, and about having family members betray you, and about being persecuted – even to the point of being executed. These words are more and more relevant in today’s world, but were very true 2000 years ago. Family members betraying you. The state hunting you. The leaders you were listening to one week, being torn apart by wild animals in front of baying mobs of Romans just one week later. Those Christians would be tempted to ask: what is the point? Did we mean anything? Against the might of Nero, or his modern incarnations, do our sacrifices make a difference?

We would tell Anderson and Russell that they mattered. Their service helped, in a tiny way, bring about the downfall of Hitler. And to the Christians who died in Rome, we present ourselves. We meet today representing that same faith, while Nero is regarded as a crazy aberration who is (thankfully) history. We meet in freedom, while Imperial Rome is a museum piece. The thousands or millions of nameless Christians who listened to Jesus’ words may not have felt their contribution was meaningful. Yet we are here, and Rome is not.

And the key to all this? Listen to Jesus’ words: verse 8 “Many will come and say I am he – do not go after them”. Verse 9 “When you hear of wars, do not be terrified”. Verse 12-13 “They will arrest you – this will give you an opportunity to testify!” Verse 15 “I will give you words”. And verse 19 “By your endurance you will gain your souls”.

Jesus is telling his followers to remain steady. Root yourselves in the good news message, in the promise that those who remain faithful will be those who are saved.

What are the pressures we face? We might not face physical persecution, but we do face many other pressures. For most of us, they are the ideas of this age, the waves of new philosophy and the oceans of new social pressures.

We must discern the messages of politicians, and the messages in the media and in global advertising – these subtle forces that shape how we think. Is it really of God, or is it leading us astray? “Do not go after them”, said Jesus.

We are here because of those Christians who remained stable, who were faithful to the message and didn’t chase new ideas. Their faithful, quiet service, resilience and dedication; their acts of love, resistance and kindness are the acts that have truly shaped history.

So let us emulate them. Let us listen to the words of Jesus and stand firm, remembering we are the custodians of the Christian message today in this generation.

Let us rededicate ourselves to the message that God loves us, and calls all humans to repent from their own ways, to turn from their sins, and to begin walking with Jesus as his disciples.

Jesus calls us to sacrifice our desires and become more like him. To seek peace. And as we do that, in God’s hands, these small acts become the acts that overthrow empires.

And in his great mercy, on judgement day it will be the compassion of the nurse who treated Anderson that will be remembered.

It will be the doctor who treated Russell. It will be the Christians who were thrown to lions, yet who rather than renounce their faith and cry to the emperor, quietly embraced Jesus in their final moments.

Today, Remembrance Sunday, let us remember and honour those who have stood against evil.

Let us remind ourselves that God’s justice will prevail.

And let us commit ourselves to standing firm against evil and firm for the message of Christ in our generation.

And let us remember that remembrance means nothing if it does not change our actions.